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Part I 




William M. MacBean 




.34 S^ I 


JAN 25 1912 


It is rather singular that the Scotsmen of New York, of whom 
there were many — landed proprietors, professional men and mer- 
chants — should have so long delayed the formation of a Scottish 
charitable society. Boston, Charleston, Philadelphia and Savannah, 
in the order named, were earlier in the field. The first notice I have 
found of any attempt at forming a Scottish Society in New York was 
in 1753, but it appears to have been more patriotic and social than 
charitable. In that year, I find in the press of the day repeated calls 
to meeting of "The Scots Society" at the home of Malcolm McEuen 
"near the City Hall" (then in Wall Street), and on Saint Andrew's 
Day of that year this Society honored the occasion by a dinner at 
"Scotch Johnny's" (otherwise John Thomson, a popular boniface of 
that time), "at the sign of the Crown and Thistle at the White Hall 
Slip." The ships in the river were dressed, cannon fired by the naval 
vessel on the station, and in the evening the members went in a body 
to the theatre in Nassau Street, escorted by "a vast concourse of 
people." One wonders whether the "Garb of Old Gaul" or the bag- 
pipes were the greater attraction, for they must have had one or the 
other, if not both, to account for the "vast concourse." Nothing 
further is heard of this "Scots Society," but it probably was the 
seed which bore such grand fruit. 

The Highland dress and the bagpipes, however, were destined 
soon to be no novelty in the Colony. In 1756 Pitt determined to 
press the war with France and attempt the conquest of Canada. For 
this purpose he needed soldiers, and he had the sagacity to turn a 
formidable disturbing element to the peace of the country into loyal 
supporters of the government. The chiefs of the clans were offered 
rank in the army if companies of Highland soldiers were raised by 
them for service abroad, and in a very short time it became manifest 
that the Highlands of Scotland was a recruiting ground for brave 
and adventurous men to whom soldiering appealed, and their subse- 
quent behavior in many a well-fought field in support of the Empire 
justified Pitt's action. It is true there already was a regiment of 


Highland soldiers in the ranks of the army, the 42nd, or Black 
Watch, and on the field of Fontenoy they had demonstrated what 
they could do, but they were not popular in the Highlands at the 
time, as they were looked upon as a Whig regiment and had been 
raised for the purpose of being a "watch" upon the Highlands. 
Pitt's first step against the French was to send the 42nd Royal High- 
landers to New York, and this city saw an unusual sight in the 
month of June, 1756, when this regiment marched through its streets, 
to the barracks in the fort at Bowling Green, with colors flying and 
bagpipes playing. The 42nd did not remain long in New York, their 
destination being Albany, the rendezvous for the army intended for 
campaigning on the Lakes. It is probable that the Scottish residents 
of New York entertained the officers of the regiment, for we find 
that, in the following year when two more Scottish regiments arrived, 
the 77th, Montgomery's Highlanders, and the 78th, Fraser's High- 
landers, they were entertained royally. 

On the nineteenth day of November in the year 1756, "a number 
of gentlemen, natives of Scotland, and of Scottish descent, met to- 
gether and agreed to form themselves into a Society for charitable 
purposes." Many of the Scottish officers in the army, captains of 
trading vessels, some of whom became subsequently merchants of 
New York, and visiting Scotsmen were enrolled as members. On 
Saint Andrew's Day of 1757 the Society held its first anniversary 
dinner, the event being duly chronicled in the press. The Society 
continued on its way thereafter, dispensing its charities and celebrat- 
ing each succeeding Saint Andrew's Day until 1774, when the 
troublous times of the Revolution put a temporary stop to its activi- 
ties. During the period under review many other regiments arrived 
in the Colony and many of the Scottish officers in their ranks joined 
the Society. The 26th Cameronians, the 1st Royals and the 60th 
Royal American regiment, the latter officered largely by Scotsmen, 
contributed a goodly number to our ranks. Many of them rose to 
high rank in the service and others gave their lives for their country. 

At the peace of 1763 some of the Scottish regiments were dis- 
banded, and officers and men were given the option to remain in the 
country, grants of land being offered them as an inducement. Many 
of them had formed ties in this country and had taken them wives 
and begat families, and they as a rule remained, and most of them 
continued loyal to the flag for which they had fought. Not many of 


their descendants are to be found here, however, but must be looked 
for in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. The leaven of the Society, 
however, was the Scottish merchants of the city, who, for the honor 
of Saint Andrew, looked after their poor fellow-countrymen, and 
our best citizens went from house to house "relieving" the distressed." 

Nothing heretofore has been done to rescue from oblivion the 
personnel of the membership, with the exception of the Memorial 
History by Mr. Morrison, published in 1906, on the one hundred 
and fiftieth anniversary of the Society. This work was confined to 
sketches of the lives of the Presidents. I am attempting the identifi- 
cation of the membership from its early beginning in 1756 to the 
year 1806. The following installment of the work is devoted to the 
period 1756- 1783, and I hope it will meet at least with indulgence in 
view of the fact that not a line of it was collected prior to a year ago. 

Sketches of the several officers, of whom I have given only their 
official record, may yet be found in the many works on the period 
published in this country, and in the town and county histories of 

Those members who have not been identified were prominent 
Scotsmen in the Colony of New York, merchants from other Ameri- 
can Colonies or visiting Scotsmen from the West Indies, and it is 
hoped that some time in the future some data concerning them may 
be found. 

In the year 1823 the Society published a copy of its Constitution 
with a list of officers and members from the beginning to that date. 
This list was made up from the Records in the handwriting of the 
several secretaries, and owing to the difficulty of deciphering, errors 
crept into the printed record. Errors also have occurred through 
faulty spelling. No effort seemed to have been made to identify 
each member, and the errors have remained until this day. Where- 
ever these errors have been noted, corrections have been made with 
great care and only after mature deliberation. 

The next period, from the Evacuation to the close of the first fifty 
years of the Society's existence, 1783-1806, will be a more difficult 
task, as sketches of the lives of plain merchant citizens are not easily 
attainable. The press is almost the only source of information and 
the advertisements therein practically the only reading matter, out- 
side of foreign news. There was then no society column with its 
divulgence of intimate and indiscreet information, no obituary 


sketches, and not always an obituary notice. There is no doubt, 
however, that the descendants of many of our members of this 
period could help materially in the work of identification could they 
be got at, therefore the results obtained should eventually be pub- 
lished, no matter how little there can be said about each member, in 
order that our citizens of Scottish descent may become interested in 
their ancestors' connection with the Saint Andrew's Society of the 
State of New York. 

I shall esteem it a favor should anyone correct any errors into 
which I may have fallen, and I invite correspondence which may add 
to our knowledge of any of the members in the following list. 

William M. MacBean, 

ii Wall Street, 

New York City, 
Nov. 2nd, 1911. 





Vice-President 1758-59; 4th President 1759-61. 

(For biographical sketch see Morrison's History.) 



Son of the Rev. Thomas Barclay-, Rector of St. Peters' Church, 
Albany, N. Y., in which city he was born; graduated Yale, 1734; 
missionary for many years among the Mohawks ; became Rector of 
Trinity Church, New York, October 1746; d. August 20, 1764. 


In 1757 Capt. Buchanan of the Royal American Regiment of 
Artillery was stationed at Sandy Hook, according to the Post Boy; 
was with Braddock and was wounded in the fight. The British 
Army List gives his record as follows : — Capt. -Lieut. Royal Artillery 
April 1, 1756; Captain, January 1, 1759; Major in the army July 23, 
1772. In 1776 he received the appointment of Lieut. -Gov. of Kinsale 
and Charles Fort in the Kingdom of Ireland, and was knighted. In 
1779 had become Lieut.-Colonel. 

(This name appears on Roll as G. J. Buchanan.) 

2 ROSTER. [1756 

Manager 1764-65. 

Son of Lachlan Campbell of Islay, Argyleshire, and "Campbell 
Hall." Ulster Co., N. Y. ; was born at the latter place; young when 
father died ; apprenticed to a merchant in New York and went 
several voyages as supercargo to the West Indies. When the 42nd 
Highlanders landed in New York in 1756 he found several relatives 
among the officers, entered the regiment as a volunteer, soon receiv- 
ing an Ensigncy, served in one or two campaigns in 1759, received 
an appointment as Lieutenant in the Royal American Regiment while 
at Quebec; 1763 reduced to half-pay; went to England, presented a 
Memorial to the Crown and eventually received a large grant of land. 
His second visit to England is dwelt on at length in Jones' History of 
New York. When the news of the skirmish at Lexington reached 
New York, Donald, with a motley crowd, paraded the town with 
drums beating, colors flying and invited the citizens to take up arms. 
For his activities he expected reward and was much chagrined when 
he found that he did not receive an appointment in the Continental 
army; went to Philadelphia, presented a Memorial to Congress and 
was appointed Deputy Quarter-Master General ; went with Mont- 
gomery to Canada, was at the siege of St. Johns, at Montreal when 
it surrendered, and at Quebec. Upon the death of Montgomery and 
the wounding of Arnold, Campbell took command, raised the block- 
ade, retired to Montreal, leaving all his cannon, stores and sick 
behind. This offended Congress and he was never afterwards em- 
ployed. He retired to the country, where he lived indigent, neglected 
and forlorn. His brothers, who had also been in the Seven Years 
War,. remained loyal. 

Treasurer 1756-61. 

In 1756 at house next the Merchants Coffee House, where he did 
a general business and became known in later years as a Wine Mer- 
chant. In 1764 one of the Trustees to give title to the lands granted 
to the Campbell emigrants. In 1766 his store was on "Crommelin's 
Wharf back of Judge Livingston's" and his advertisement says that 

1756] st. Andrew's society. 3 

he proposes to go out of business. He probably moved to the country, 
for his name does not appear in the press again as late as 1780. In 
1785 he contributed £4 to the proposed Saint Andrew's Hall. 


His official record is as follows: Ensign 62nd Regiment, Jan- 
uary 7, 1756; Lieut. 60th Regiment, May 7, 1757; and again in same 
regiment with the same rank of Lieut., May 8, 1764. 


Manager 1756-59; Vice-President 1759-64; President 1764-66. 

(See Morrison's History.) 

Manager 1759-60. 

In 1750 had a store in King Street; on December 28, 1755, the 
firm of Aspinwall and Doughty, in the woolen business, terminated, 
and Thomas continued in business, keeping a miscellaneous line of 
goods, and located in Queen Street. In 1759 he removed to Dock 
Street betwixt the Slip and Coenties Market, and the character of 
his business had changed to fine groceries, wines, etc. In 1775 he 
proposes moving to the country and everything is offered for sale, 
even his furniture. He probably left the country and remained away 
during the Revolution, but returned, for Dr. Francis tells of a 
Thomas Doughty who was one of those who repaired to Dr. Hosack's 
Elgin Botanical Garden to study Botany. 

4 ROSTER. [1756 


Surgeon of the 4th Battalion of the 60th Royal American Regi- 
ment, lie had a house in Beaver Street. 


John Duncan was born in Scotland and came out to Schenectady 
in I 755- He was possessed of a good capital and opened an exten- 
sive mercantile establishment. He was the pioneer of a new style of 
merchants and a new mode of trade at Schenectady. Soon 1 after locat- 
ing he formed a partnership with James Phyn of London (also a 
member) and they became extensive wholesale and retail merchants 
and forwarders, extending their business far and wide over the lakes, 
and after 1759 dealing largely and directly with Montreal. Duncan 
took care of the business in Schenectady while Phyn, his partner, 
attended to the business abroad and at Montreal. They both became 
exceedingly rich, for that day, and retired from business. Duncan 
built a country seat called "The Hermitage." He was first Recorder 
of Schenectady, and in 1763 Justice of the Peace; in 1773 Sixth 
Judge of Albany County, and in 1774 he attended the Congress of 
the Six Nations, which met after the death of Col. Johnson. During 
the Revolution he remained loyal to the Crown. In 1785 he sub- 
scribed, by William Malcom, £10 towards Saint Andrew's Hall. He 
died at the Hermitage May 5, 1791, aged 69 years, much esteemed 
for generous hospitality and unostentatious benevolence. From 
Saunders' "Early History of Schenectady." In the List of Members 
of Saint Andrew's Society which appears in the first City Directory 
of 1786 he is styled Capt. John Duncan. 


The first notice of James Duthie which I have found appears in 
the New York Post Boy of May 25, 1761, and is somewhat of a 
curiosity. "To Be Sold, at Duthie's London Peruke Ware-House at 

1756] st. Andrew's society. 5 

White-Hall all Sorts of Perukes ready made, of the newest fashions, 
at the lowest prices that can be afforded by any one of the Business, 
that does Justice to his Customers, and warranted to be as good 
Work, and made of as good hairs as any in America. Also Ladies 
Teats, Bandos for the Hair, and Bags of the newest Fashion, 
Roaseats and Ramellees, hard and soft Pomatum, false Oues, and 
many other articles necessary in that way. By their Humble Ser- 
vant James Duthie." In 1762 he moved to Golden Hill "at the sign 
of the Golden Pot" and changed his business to Wines. Spirits and 

Manager 1756-57. Vice-President 1757-58. 

In 1759 in Smith Street, Foot of Pot Baker's Hill. m. Jane, dau. 
of Cadwallader Golden same year. "A very worthy good Scotsman, 
distinguished for his knowledge and abilities." d. May, 1787. 


Lieut. 60th Royal Americans December 31, 1755; Capt. -Lieut. 
March 22, 1757; k. at Ticonderoga. 


In 1742 on the Roll of Freemen ; 1750 store in Smith Street, sold 
European Goods ; 1756 house "next the corner, near the Exchange" ; 
1757 made an assignment to James Sackett and in same year died. 


A native of Scotland. Appears on our records as Ennis Graham ; 
in 1753 advertised as "^neas," but afterwards assumed the name of 
Ennis; in 1748 house in Smith Street, where he sold European 

6 ROSTER. [ T 756 

Goods; 1755 advertised as "Taylor, in Broad Street, near the Ex- 
change opposite Post Boy office"; 176 1 haberdasher as well as 
tailor ; 1762 moved to corner of Wall Street "facing the Meal Market, 
near the Coffee House" where he remained for many years; in 1773 
he was still in Wall Street "facing Mr. Rivington's New Printing 
Office." Retired to Middlesex Co., N. J. d. 1777. 


Ensign 62nd Regiment Royal Americans Jan. 4, 1756; Lieut. 
60th, Dec. 11, 1756; Ensign May 24, 1758. 

Presumably a lawyer. Found as witness to several wills. 


Captain Royal Artillery April 2, 1757; Major in the army July 23, 
1772. Lieut. -Colonel by brevet Aug. 29, 1777. 

(This name appears on our Roll as Joseph Innes.) 


Manager 1756-59; Vice-Pres. 1772-74; Pres. 1774-75; 1784-85. 
(See Morrison's History.) 

* It is probable that this member's Christian name was written Jno and 
deciphered Jos, but as a mistake was made in the name of his brother officer, 
Lieut. Buchanan, it is a fair presumption that both officers were not intimately 
known to secretary. 

t David Johnston was descended from Dr. John Johnstone of Edinburgh, b. 
1661, came to New York in 1685 and removed thence to Perth Amboy, where he 
practised medicine until his death in 1732. His son John (b. 1691, d. 1732) 

1756] st. Andrew's society. 7 

Manager 1762-63. 

There was a firm of Kennedy and Dunlap whose partnership ex- 
pired on May 1, 1756. At the time of his death he was said to be of 
Boston and late of St. Eustachius, W. I. He was a brother of Archi- 
bald Kennedy of New York and Walter Kennedy of Surinam, and, 
therefore, uncle of the future Earl of Cassilis. His will was proved 
on oath of John Ross, a fellow member of the Society. In the 
Mercury, Aug. 22, 1763, appears the following notice, "a Passage 
Boat crossing to Wright's Ferry was caught in a squall and upset 
and Mr. Robert Kennedy and Mr. Morison (Scotch Gentlemen of 
great Merit and Fortune") .... and Mr. David Gemmel were 
drowned." Mr. Kennedy was buried at Richmond Church, Staten 


Son of Philip, 2nd Lord of the Manor; educated at Yale; in 1754 
in Broad Street in the Hardware and Coal business ; in 1756 near 
the Whitehall Slip, storehouse being in Duke Street; in 1761 in 
partnership with Alexander as John & Alexander Livingston, store 
being in Rotten Row near the Old Slip and the business Dry Goods ; 
this same year removed to south side of Queen Street, d. 1786. 


First President of the Society 1756-57. 

Signer of the Declaration of Independence. 

(See Morrison's History.) 

married Elizabeth Jamieson, and David was their third child. Colonel John, 
given in Morrison's History as David's father, was his elder brother and was 
a Colonel of Provincial forces and was not in the British army. The story that 
David was the true heir to the Marquisate of Annandale could hardly be true, 
as there were several lives between him and the succession, descendants of his 
grandfather, Dr. John. 

8 ROSTER. [11756 



Son of Philip, 2nd Lord of the Manor; b. Albany, N. Y., Novem- 
ber 30, 1723; d. Elizabethtown, N. J., July 25, 1790; graduated Yale 
1741 ; began the study of law in the office of James Alexander, com- 
pleting his course under William Smith ; admitted to the Bar Octo- 
ber, 1748, and soon became one of the leaders of his profession; 
served three years in the legislature; in 1772 removed to "Liberty 
Hall" at Elizabethtown, which had an eventful history during the 
Revolutionary War and more than one attempt to burn it was made, 
the stairs still showing the cuts that were made by the Hessians 
when baffled in their attempt to capture the owner; served for a 
time in Congress ; in June, 1776, he assumed the duties of Brigadier- 
General and Commander-in-Chief of the New Jersey Militia ; in 
August he was elected first Governor of the State of New Jersey. 
During the occupancy of New Jersey by the British troops he filled 
his office with great efficiency, as is shown by Washington's writ- 
ings. — (Appleton.) While in New York he lived at 52 Wall Street. 
He and John Morin Scott were known as the Presbyterian lawyers. 
In 1752 he started a paper called the "Independent Reflector." He 
was known as "The Itinerant Dey of New Jersey," "The Knight 
of the most honourable Order of Starvation and Chief of the Inde- 
pendents," and "The Don Quixote of the Jerseys" ; on account of 
his being very tall and thin a female wit dubbed him "The Whipping 


Mariner; probably son of William Louttit who advertised in 1750 
as "Teacher of Navigation," and lived "in the swamp." 


In 1759 Master of the brig "Polly" and traded between New 
York, South Carolina and Ireland. In July of that year arrived in 
Charleston and reported that on his passage from Charleston to 

1756] st. Andrew's society. 9 

Jamaica he had been captured off Port Morant by two French 
privateers from Port-au-Prince, but that same evening he recovered 
his vessel from the French by "a singular Act of Bravery." — N. Y. 
Mercury. In 1771 he had a new vessel the Ship "St. George." In 
the Mercury, 1777, appears the following item : — "Capt. McAlpine 
a brave and hearty Friend to his King and Country was some time 
ago confined to the Gaol at Poughkeepsie on suspicion of enlisting 
Men for His Majesty's Service. His friends rescued him." 


Son of Alexander who had emigrated from Ireland in 1731 and 
settled for a time at Fag's Manor, Chester County, Pennsylvania, 
where John was born Feb. 20, 1734. The family originally came 
from Argyleshire. John graduated at Princeton and thereafter 
practised law in this city. He seems to have been associated with 
John Morin Scott, as both are frequently witnesses on the same 
wills. On June 17, 1768, he is entered on the Roll of Freemen as 
"Gentleman and Attorney-at-Law." In the Clinton Papers, Vol. I, 
p. 196, the following appears: — "John McKesson was one of the 
most active Americans in the State of New York during the Revo- 
lutionary War. His relations with the leaders were close and 
intimate. He was appointed Secretary of the Provincial Convention 
which met in New York the 20th of April, 1775, for the purpose of 
choosing delegates to represent the colony in the Continental Con- 
gress, and subsequently acted as Secretary to the Council of Safety. 
July 31, 1776, he was appointed by the Provincial Convention, 
Register in Chancery, which position he held for a number of years. 
He acted as one of the Secretaries to the State Convention which 
was called to ratify the Federal Constitution. He was the first 
Clerk of the Assembly of New York which convened Sept. 1, 1777, 
and held the position continuously until 1794." He died of yellow 
fever Sept. 18, 1798, unmarried. 

(This name appears on Roll as McGuson.) 

IO ROSTER. [ J 756 



General Allan Maclean, Torloisk, Island of Mull, was born there 
in 1725, and began his military career in the service of Holland, in 
the Scots Brigade. At the siege of Bergen-op-Zoom, in 1747, a 
portion of his brigade cut its way with great loss through the 
French. On January 8, 1756, Allan became lieutenant in the 62nd 
Regiment and in 1758 was severely wounded at Ticonderoga. He 
became captain of an independent company January 16, 1759, and 
was present at the surrender of Niagara, where he was again danger- 
ously wounded. Returning to Great Britain, he raised the 114th 
foot or Royal Highland Volunteers, of which he was appointed 
major commandant October 18, 1761. The regiment being reduced 
in 1763, Major McLean went on half-pay. He became lieutenant- 
colonel May 25, 1772, and early in 1775 devised a colonization 
scheme which brought him to America, landing in New York in 
that year. At the outbreak of the Revolution he identified himself 
with the royalist side and was arrested in New York ; was released 
on denying he was taking a part in the dispute ; thence went to the 
Mohawk and on to Canada, where he began to organize a corps, 
which became the nucleus of the Royal Highland Emigrants. Of 
this regiment Major Allan was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the 
first battalion which he had raised. Quebec might have fallen into the 
hands of General Arnold had not Colonel McLean suddenly precipi- 
tated himself with a part of his corps into the beleagured city. In 
1776, Colonel McLean was appointed adjutant-general of the army, 
which he held until 1777, when he became brigadier-general, and 
placed in command at Montreal, and in November was ordered to 
Quebec. He left Quebec for England in July, 1776, in order to 
obtain rank and establishment for his regiment, which had been 
promised. He returned to Canada and in 1778 he again went to 
England and made a personal appeal to the King in behalf of his 
regiment, which proved successful. August. 1779, saw him again 
in Quebec. He became colonel in the army November 17, 1780, and 
in the winter of 1782 had command from the ports at Oswegatchie 
to Michilimackinac. Soon after the peace of 1783, General McLean 
retired from the service and died in London in March, 1797. From 
Maclean's "Highlanders in America." 

1756] st. Andrew's society. ii 

john McQueen. 

In 1750 Staymaker near the Meal Market ; in 1765 near the 
Mayor's in Smith Street at the "Sign of the White Stays" ; in 1773 
in Queen Street. Dead in 1784. 


Manager 1757-62; 1763-4; 1 773-75 ; Vice-Pres. 1764-66; 

Pres. 1767-70. 

(See Morrison's History.) 


One of the most noted captains in the London trade ; in 1753 
in command of the brig "Maria" ; in 1756 advertised the sale of 
European and Indian Goods at the house of Daniel Wright near the 
Meal Market; m. October 13 Patty, dau. of Thomas Willet; 
he is next found in King Street; in 1760 advertises a cargo of 
African slaves for sale; in 1769 at sea again in the ship "Britannia" 
for London, and the following year in the month of May, "six weeks 
from the Downs," he "brought over the statues of His Majesty and 
Mr. Pitt" which had been ordered by the Assembly of the Colony in 
gratitude for the repeal of the Stamp Act. In 1769 he was elected a 
member of the Chamber of Commerce and in 1773 a member of the 
Marine Society. He remained loyal to the Crown, and in 1776 was 
an addressor of Lord Howe, and sailed for England with his family 
in the fleet which took over Governor Tryon in September, 1780. 


In 1750 Druggist at Beaver Street; in 1755 styled doctor; in 
1756 advertises "drugs and medicines in general both Chymical and 
Galenical, neat as imported," besides "Turlington's Balsam of Life," 
in which he seems to have set great store; in 1759 he "declines 

12 ROSTER. [1756 

business," but later in the year he advertises "Wholesale business 
only"; in 1761 "At the Woman's Shoe Store in Beaver Street" and 
adds "Practitioner in Surgery and Physick." His business was 
somewhat general in its character. 

Secretary 1757-58; Manager 1760-61. 

In 1750 he is found "near the Fly-Market" in the ship-chandlery 
business; in 1758 his store is on the "Wharf between the Ferry 
Stairs and Burlings Slip" ; in 1761 he advertises that he is going to 
the country and has taken in David Milligan as a partner under the 
style of Morison & Milligan; in 1762 he had retired altogether, 
Milligan carrying on the business under his own name ; Morison 
belonged to the Masonic fraternity. He was drowned along with 
Robert Kennedy and David Gemmel, Aug. 22, 1763. 


Secretary 1756-57; 1758-61. 

b. New York, August 15, 1730, third son of Lewis and Katrintje 
(Staats) Morris and a grandson of Lewis Morris, Chief Justice of 
New Jersey and New York. He graduated at Yale in 1748 and 
took up the study of law. He was admitted to the Bar and soon 
became known for his legal learning. In 1762 he was made a judge 
of the vice-admiralty, resigning later to take up the cause of the 
people against the Crown. In 1776 he was made judge of the High 
Court of Admiralty of New York but declined the office. Two 
years afterwards he was elected to the State Senate, and in 1779 
became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New York, an office 
he held for one year. He was a member of the State Convention 
which ratified the Federal Constitution in 1788, and in 1790 he re- 
tired to his estate at Scarsdale, Westchester County, New York, 
where he passed the remainder of his life. He died in 1810. — Na- 
tional Cyclopedia of Biography. 

1756] st. Andrew's society. 13 

Manager 1756-61. 

In 1756 at "The Sign of the Bell, near the Merchants Coffee 
House, opposite the Meal Market," where he did business as a 
"Druggist and Wholesale Apothecary." In March he advertises for 
old linen for the King's Hospital. In 1763 removed to the upper 
corner of the Fly-Market. He was succeeded by William Steuart 
and d. June, 1769. 


Gazetted December 3, 1755, Lieutenant in the 62nd Royal Ameri- 
can Regiment. 

Manager 1762-63. 

In 1763 General Merchant doing business "opposite upper end of 


In 1743 Captain of an Independent Company. On January 14, 
1744, he was sworn a member of His Majesty's Council of New 
York, much to the chagrin of Governor Clinton, who tried to have 
the appointment revoked but did not succeed. Rutherford was a 
man of rank and learning. In 1745 he attended a Conference at 
Albany with the Indians. In 1754 he and Staats Long Morris were 
sent to England to lay before the ministry a plan of attack on 
Ticonderoga. Philip Livingston and he were personal foes. In 1755 
he served in Sir Peter Halkett's Brigade, in Braddock's Campaign. 
In 1756 was appointed Major in the 3rd Battalion of the 60th Royal 
American Regiment. He was killed in the attack on Ticonderoga 
July 8, 1758. 


ROSTER. [ J 756 


Manager 1761-66; 1st Vice-President 1785-87; 
President 1766-67; 1792-98. 

(See Morrison's History.) 

(1 730-1784) 

President 1758-59. 
(See Morrison's History.) 

Vice-President 1756-57; President 1757-58. 

(See Morrison's History.) 


In the Post Boy of October 9, 1758, he advertises Snuff and 
robacco of his own manufacture, wholesale and retail, "two doors 
from the Merchants Coffee House"; by 1761 he had become an ex- 
tensive manufacturer; in 1763 had a store in Rotten Row, where he 
had added ship-chandlery, wholesale and retail, to his snuff and 
tobacco business ; in same year acted as executor of Robert Ken- 
nedy; in 1764 he moved to "New Rochel," leaving William Malcom 
as his agent; in 1767 he became insolvent and all his effects were 
sold "on the Bridge" at the Merchants Coffee House; in 1769 he 
removes back to "the Snuff Mills in the Bowery Lane" and appeals 
to the patriotism of Americans to patronize the home-made article ; 
in 1771 he appeals to the pocket as well as to local pride; in 1772 

1756] st. Andrew's society. 15 

Snuff Mill advertised for sale and described as "near the Bulls Head 
Tavern in the outward" ; later in the year he is still in business, but 
has added "all kinds of grain, ginger, etc., everything that can be 
manufactured in a grist mill." d. 1779. 



On retiring from the navy he settled at Jamaica, L. I., and 
entered into business in New York. In 1750 he was at Hanover 
Square in the hardware business. During the French War he was 
the agent of Robert Troup, probably his brother, and a famous 
privateersman. He seems to have acted a great deal in a fiduciary 
capacity. He died at Jamaica Feb. 21, 1775, aged 70 years, "a 
gentleman universally beloved and much lamented." 


Came from Dover, England. In 1748 he was Captain of the 
"Oswego," trading to London, while in September of that year he 
transferred his command to his new ship "Dover," which he had 
built in the East River at the foot of Dover Street, the street taking 
its name from the ship. His store was in King Street as early as 
1748, where he dealt in European and India Goods. In 175') he 
moved to Dock Street. He was one of the first subscribers to the 
New York Society Library, and his wife, the only female, whose 
name appeared in the document of incorporation granted by George 
III. He was one of the original 33 members of the Masonic Society 
of the City of New York. Died in 1762. 


In the European trade, being master of several vessels. Have 
found no evidence that he left the sea for business. 

1 6 ROSTER. [1756 


Son of the preceding. He also was engaged in the European and 
West Indian trade and commanded several vessels. In 1785 he con- 
tributed to Saint Andrew's Hall Fund £3.4.0, and when money was 
returned it was receipted for by Robert Hyslop. In 1793 his ad- 
dress was No. 6 Green Street, then very much in the country, show- 
ing that he had probably retired from business. On November 7, 
1774, he became a member of the Marine Society. 



Vice-Pres. 1770-71 ; President 1771-72. 

(See Morrison's History.) 


In 1750 was an apothecary in New Brunswick, and advertises 
that his shop and drugs are for sale. As New Brunswick was a 
military station, he was probably an ex-army surgeon. In 1752 he 
advertises for pupils to a course of lectures on Osteology and 
Myology, £6 for the course, and adds that with proper encourage- 
ment he will give other courses, including dissecting. By 1756 he 
may have moved into New York, but no further trace of him has 
yet been found. 

757] st. Andrew's society. 17 


Manager 1763-66. 

In 1752 Captain of the snow "Albany" in the London trade. In 
1757 in command of the privateer brigantine "Hawke," of twelve 
guns. The firm of John Alexander & Co. did business at the corner 
of Smith and King Streets, "opposite Mr. Philip Philipse," where, 
among other things, they sold "Herrings, Barley, Delftware, carpets. 
Tartans or plaids"; in 1761 they moved opposite Donald Morison, 
"betwixt the Fly and P«urling's Slip," and were shipping agents as 
well as merchants; in 1766 they made an assignment for the benefit 
of their creditors. In 1777 he became a member of the Marine 


Ship Captain and wine merchant. In 1750 he was master of the 
"Good Intent," for St. Christophers; 1758, "next door to Mr. James 
Livingston in Smith Street," where he can be traced as late as 1766. 
In 1770 he became a member of the Marine Society, and in July, 
1774, he died at Hispaniola, "leaving a widow and a very numerous 
family of young children." 


Lieut, in 78th, Fraser's Highlanders, Jan. 23, 1757; Capt. 78th, 
Fraser's Highlanders, April 29, 1760. 

Lieutenant 60th Royal American Regiment, Jan. 30, 1756. 

l8 ROSTER. [ 1757 


Probably the son of Malcolm Campbell our first Treasurer. In 
1758 collected payment for all goods at Lord Loudoun's sale of his 
effects; in 1759 had store in Smith Street and in 1760 had moved 
to store "by the Royal Exchange." In 1761 Malcolm Campbell 
notified the public of the death of John and requested payment of 
outstanding debts. 


Jan. 17, 1756, Ensign 62nd Royal Americans; Mar. 23, 1758, 
Lieut. 60th Royal Americans ; Apr. 27, 1762, Captain. 



Became Captain in 60th Royal Americans, 1st Battalion, Jan. 15, 
1756; Major in the army, while he was stationed at Crown Point 
in 1772, and is referred to by the N. Y. Mercury as "a very respect- 
able veteran" and "hopes he will get the vacant majority in the 
regiment." He did not, however, another receiving it; appointed 
Major of the 69th Regiment Aug. 14, 1773; promoted to be Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel of the 58th Regiment, then stationed at Gibraltar, 
June 24, 1777; became Colonel in the army Nov. 20, 1782, and died 
in the Spring of 1786. Colonial Documents, Vol. X. 



Twenty-first laird of Craufurdland, Ayrshire; b. 1721 ; entered 
army as cornet in the North British Dragoons in 1741 ; distinguished 
himself at Dettingen in 1743 and Fontenoy in 1745; in August, 1746, 

1757] ST - Andrew's society. 19 

accompanied his friend, the Earl of Kilmarnock, to the scaffold on 
Tower Hill, for which act of friendship his name, it was said, was 
placed at the bottom of the army list. He served in the French and 
Indian War as Captain in the 78th Fraser's Highlanders and was 
present at the capture of Quebec in 1759. Returned to England the 
following year; obtained command of the 115th Foot in 1761 ; pro- 
moted lieutenant-colonel in 1772. In 1761 he was appointed His 
Majesty's Falconer for Scotland, and in 1762 received the freedom 
of the City of Perth. He died unmarried in February, 1793. Diet. 
Nat. B'iog. 

(He appears on our Roll as John Crawford.) 


Of the Carnwath family; Lieut. 62nd Royal Americans Jan. 15, 
1756; Captain 80th Regiment Dec. 28, 1757; Captain 1st Royals, 
2nd Battalion, Sept. 13, 1760. Attempted to surprise Pontiac's 
camp at Presque Isle and was killed Aug. 8, 1763. 


Entered the army as Ensign of the 27th Foot Nov. 22, 1756; 
wounded at Ticonderoga; promoted to a Lieutenancy Aug. 2, 1759; 
exchanged into the 1st Royals Feb. 14, 1760, and dropped in 1771. 
Honorary member of the Marine Society. 

Ensign 60th Regiment, Dec. n, 1756; Lieut., Apr. 14, 1758. 



Simon Fraser, Master of Lovat, was born in 1726; educated at 
St. Andrews University ; sent by Lord Lovat with part of the clan 


ROSTER. [ 1757 

to join Prince Charlie. The depositions printed in the Nezv Spald- 
ing Club's Historical Papers show that he was at Perth at Christmas, 
1745, and in Stirling in January. 1746. Mr. Alexander Mackenzie, 
the Fraser historian, says he was present at Culloden. Mr. Lang 
states that the Master of Lovat came up too late for the battle. 
He was attainted by Act of Parliament on 4th June, 1746, sur- 
rendered on 2nd August, and imprisoned in Edinburgh till August, 
1747; was released about that date, and went to Glasgow, as the 
Lovat estates had been forfeited: called to the Scottish bar in 1750; 
one of the Crown counsel at the trial of James Stewart for the 
murder of Campbell of Glenure in 1752. Soon afterwards he 
entered the army, raised the Fraser regiment in 1757, and became 
lieutenant-colonel ; fought at Louisburg under Wolfe ; present at 
both battles of Quebec, and commanded the left wing at the latter; 
elected M. P. for Inverness-shire in 1761, but soon saw active ser- 
vice in Portugal and became a major-general ; Lovat estates were 
restored to him in 1774: in September, 1776, he was elected a Town 
Councillor of Nairn and continued as such till his death ; died a 
lieutenant-general on Feb. 8, 1782 ; figures in Robert Louis Steven- 
son's "Catriona," where his character is portrayed in a way that 
gave just offence to Highlanders. — From David M. Mackay's "Trial 
of Lord Lovat." 

(This appeared under date 1756, which was incorrect.) 


Third son of Charles Fraser, 7th of Inverallochy, b. May 26, 
1732. He joined General Simon Fraser in 1757, when he raised the 
Fraser Highlanders, was appointed senior Captain, was mortally 
wounded on the Fleights of Abraham, and died at Quebec on Oct. 15, 
1759, unmarried. His brother Charles was brutally murdered on 
the Field of Culloden by orders of the "Butcher." 

Of the 78th, Fraser's Highlanders. Wounded at Quebec, 1759. 

1757] ST - Andrew's society. 21 

Lieut. 62nd Regiment Feb. 1, 1756. 


Lieut. 62nd Regiment, Second Battalion, Royal Americans, Jan. 1, 
J 756; Captain 60th, Jan. 1, 1756. 


In 1756 Captain of the privateer brig "Johnson," of twenty-four 
swivels and one hundred and twenty men, and in December of that 
year he captured, off St. Kitts, a large ship from Marseilles under 
Spanish colors, supposed to be French ; captured another French 
ship of twenty-four guns worth from £16,000 to £18,000; in 1757 
he writes he was attacked by a French privateer off the Island of 
Grand Terre "without ceremony," and drove him off, but that same 
evening His Majesty's sloop of war "Saltash," believing him to be 
French, attacked him, killing and wounding some of his men and 
obliging him to go to port to refit. Captain Grigg became a mem- 
ber of the Marine Society in 1774. 


In 1762 merchant in Smith Street. Alderman of the Dock Ward, 
d. Sept. 7, 1763. 

Surgeon 46th Regiment Apr. 20, 1759. 


Originally an officer in the Black Watch during the '45, and on 
the outbreak of the French war, on the retired list ; appointed Lieut. 

22 ROSTER. [l757 

62nd Regiment Jan. 3, 1756; Capt. -Lieut. 60th Regiment July 23, 
1758; Captain July 13, 1761. His name does not appear on the 
Army List for 1763. While the Captain was fighting his country's 
cause in America, he was also defending the interest of his nephew 
Donald, the young chief of the clan, by endeavoring to retain the 
ancient seat of Kinchyle in the family, but without success. Donald 
lost his estate and was the last of the house of Kinchyle. 

Manager 1759-60. 

Portrait painter, whose studio was, in 1758, in Broad Street in 
the house of Mr. Samuel Deall. 

(His name appears on the Roll as McElworth.) 


Ensign 62nd Regiment Dec. 27, 1755 ; Lieut. 60th Regiment 
Dec. 3, 1756; wounded at Ticonderoga. Subsequently became Cap- 
tain and retired from the army April 27, 1778. 


Ensign 62nd Regiment Dec. 31, 1755; Lieut. 60th Regiment 
Dec. 7, 1756. 


"A prominent business man of New York in the lumber and 
timber trade." — History of Queens Co. 

1757] st. Andrew's society. 23 


Kept a general store in Albany, New York, "living between the 
English and Dutch Churches in the Main Street." Traded between 
New York and Ireland in the snow "Charming Nancy." Member 
of the Marine Society in 1781. 

Ensign 47th Regiment Mar. 18, 1758; Lieut. Apr. 17, 1759. 

Secretary 1761-64. 

His advertisement is curious, as it gives one an idea of the kind 
of business engaged in in those days. "Just imported in the ship 
'Tartar,' from Liverpool, a fresh Assortment of Goods, and to be 
sold by David Milligan, at his Store at the widow Smith's, in Maiden 
Lane, for Cash or short Credit, viz.. Silver Watches, Birmingham 
Sheffield Hard-ware, blue and white Delph-ware, several sorts of 
gilt, plain and carv'd Staffordshire flint-ware; shoes for gentlemen, 
ladies, boys, girls, and children ; strong shoes for Negroes, fine 
bottled beer, silk, cotton, thread, worsted and yarn stockings; black, 
buff, crimson and scarlet patterns for waistcoats or breeches ; fine 
gold lac'd hats, men and boys plain ditto, of several sorts, cotton 
hollands and checks, linnen checks, coarse and fine ; Jeans, pellows, 
thicksetts, barrogons, dimities, diapers, tablecloths, double ticks, 
ginghams, cotton gowns, bunts, Scotch check and printed hanker- 
chiefs, &c. &c." In 1761 advertises, "At the Lancashire Witch in 
the Square," his goods and household furniture for sale, "as he 
intends to leave the province." In 1761 enters into partnership with 
Donald Morison in the Ship Chandlery business, Morison "going to 
the country." Firm to be Morison and Milligan. In 1762 partner- 
ship advertised as "late," Milligan in charge. 

24 ROSTER. [ 1757 


b. in Scotland; of the Munros of Fyrish. In 1760 he was engaged 
in business in Albany, his house "facing the English Church," where 
he carried a miscellaneous line of goods. For several years he was 
very troublesome to the New Hampshire settlers in the disputed 
territory over the boundary question. He resided in 1770 at Shaftes- 
bury within a few rods of the New York line ; was a Justice of the 
Peace. After the year 1772 the threats of the Green Mountain boys 
appear to have kept him quiet, but on the approach of Burgoyne in 
1777 he joined the British and his personal property in Vermont 
was confiscated. In Pearson's ''First Settlers of Schenectady" ap- 
pears the following "On the 16th of October, 1780, a party of 400 
Regulars and Indians from Canada, under Major Munro, a tory 
from Schenectady, made their appearance in the Ballston settlement. 
They designed to attack Schenectady, but returned without effecting 
their object. They pillaged several houses and took 24 prisoners." 
In 1777 he was captured near Ticonderoga and condemned to death, 
but this sentence was not carried out as in 1786 he was in England 
pressing his claims on the Government for his services and losses 
as a Loyalist. He and his family returned to Canada penniless and 
friendless. Mrs. Grant of Laggan says of him "he was a particular 
friend of her father (Lieut. McVicar) and was a worthy upright 


Director and Inspector-General of His Majesty's Hospitals in 
North America. House "In the Broad-Way, near the Bowling- 
Green, " in 1764. Left for England April 20, 1764. Returned during 
the Revolution and was knighted. 

(This appears in the History as John Napier, but in the first publication in 1823 

it is plainly James.) 

Ensign 60th Regiment Dec. 7, 1756; Lieut. July 26, 1758. 


b. Fifeshire, circa 1720. He was in his youth a private and then 
a sergeant in the British army, and in 1740 at Cartagena, New 
Granada, gained an ensigncy. He came to the Colony in 1756, being 
appointed Major of the 1st Battalion of the 60th or Royal Americans 
Dec. 1755 ; in May, 1758, was appointed by General Abercromby 
Deputy Quarter-Master General of the army in North America. 
He accompanied the expedition against Louisburg in 1758 and was 
promoted to be Lieut. -Colonel in the army July 8, 1758. In 1759 he 
accompanied Lord Amherst up Lakes George and Champlain in 
charge of the Quarter-Master's Department, and on Oct. 29, 1759, 
was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the 55th Regiment. In Feb., 
1760, he exchanged into the 15th Regiment, which formed part of 
the expedition to Martinique in 1762, and in 1767 he returned to 
England. In the following year he exchanged into the 16th Regi- 
ment, which had remained in America. In 1772 he became Colonel 
in the army. In July 1775 he was stationed at Boston, was ap- 
pointed Major-General in America Jan. 1, 1776, and Colonel com- 
manding the 60th Jan. 11 following. He accompanied the army 
under Howe to Staten Island, commanded the 6th Brigade in the 
engagement of the first of August, and afterwards in the Battle of 
Long Island, coming shortly thereafter to New York City. For 
many years barrack master in New York, in which post he acquired 
a fortune. He returned to England in Feb., 1777, and on Aug. 29 of 
that year became Major-General in the army. On May 14, 1778, he 
was appointed Colonel of the 16th Regiment, and on May 4, 1779, 
received a commission as Governor of New York, and was accord- 
ingly sworn in Mar. 23, 1780. While Governor of New York his 
official title was as follows: — "His Excellency James Robertson, 
Esq., Captain-General and Governor in Chief of the Province of 
New York and Territories thereupon depending in America, Vice- 
Admiral of the same and Major-General of His Majesty's forces." 
He became Lieutenant-General Nov. 20, 1782, embarked for Eng- 
land Apr. 15, 1783, and died there Mar. 4, 1788. 

Evidently a lawyer. Found him as witness to several wills. 

26 ROSTER. [1757 


Quarter-Master General with Braddock and was wounded. He 
was again with Forbes, in his expedition to Fort Duquesne, who 
says of him "He is a very odd man, and I am sorry it has been my 
fate to have any concern with him." Parkman says "He was ex- 
tremely inefficient and Forbes, out of all patience with him, wrote 
to Fouquet 'that 'his only talent was for throwing everything into 
confusion.' He found fault with everybody else, and would dis- 
charge volleys of oaths at all who met his disapproval. From this 
cause or some other, Lieutenant-Colonel Stephen of the Virginians 
told him that he would break his sword rather than be longer under 
his orders. 'As I had not sufficient strength," says St. Clair 'to 
take him by the neck from among his own men, I was obliged to let 
him have his own way that I might not be the occasion of blood- 
shed." " In 1756 he was stationed in New York under Shirley. 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the 62nd Regiment Jan. 6, 1756; Colonel 
Feb. 19, 1762; Lieutenant-Colonel Mar. 28, 1766. He died and was 
buried at Elizabethtown, N. J., Nov. 1767. 

(This appears on our rol! as Sinclair.) 



Commissioned Lieutenant in the 4th Battalion Royal Americans 
Feb. 5, 1756, and Captain Nov. 15, 1765. He died or retired in 1775 
without attaining any higher rank. He was' wounded at Ticonderoga. 


"Of the Province of Maryland, merchant." While in New York 
in 1759, "being at present detained ... by business," he drew a 
codicil to his will and had it witnessed by Major Clephane and Dr. 
Adam Thomson. In 1764 this codicil was proved, showing that he 
was then dead. He spelled his name Wordrop. 

1757] st. Andrew's society. 27 


Have not been able to trace this man until 1778, when he was 
Commissary General of Stores and Provisions in New York, but 
believe that he acted in some official capacity under the Governor. 
While filling the above office under Robertson he amassed a fortune, 
d. Nov. 12, 1781, aged 47 years. 


Surgeon of the 43rd Regiment Aug. 20, 1751 ; to hospital duty 
Dec. 18, 1762. 

(His name appears on the Roll as Dr. Young.) 




Sir James Abercromby was born at Glassbaugh 1706. Of a 
wealthy family; bought a Colonel's commission in 1746, without 
previous military experience; in 1756 was made Major-General 
and sent to America to take part in the French and Indian War, 
where his career of incapacity did not prevent his being made 
Commander-in-Chief in 1758 after Lord Loudoun's departure; on 
July 8, 1758, he attacked Fort Ticonderoga with fifteen thousand 
men, was repulsed with severe loss and retreated to his entrenched 
camp south of Lake George. He was superseded in September by 
Sir Jeffery Amherst, but was made Lieutenant-General ; became a 
Member of Parliament, and was a foremost champion of George 
Third's policy towards the Colonies. In 1772 he was made General. 
He died April 28, 1781. 

28 ROSTER. [I75 8 


One of this name was a Loyalist during the Revolution and 
settled in St. John, and may have been the Ensign of the 60th 
Regiment appointed Dec. 25, 1765. In 1776 one of this name was 
Commissary with Cornwallis at White Plains, N. Y. 


In an advertisement in the Post Boy of April 3, 1758, he says of 
himself that he was of "Glasgow from London." In this same year 
he was entered on the Roll of Freemen. He describes his place of 
business as "his Store up one pair of stairs, enters in at the sign of 
the Royal Bed, in Dock Street, opposite the burnt house, near 
Countjies market." Here is a list of some of the articles he had 
for sale, "Venitians, tobine ditto, rich bredaws, figur'd yard wide 
pompadours, missinets, figur'd mosaicks, rich tobine irishes, rich 
embroidered Intestrings, rich half yard dresden, dresden blashoon, 
barley-corn yard-wide figur'd tammys, shalloons of divers colors," 
and after mentioning other goods in great detail he says "and several 
other goods too tedious to mention. Also an assortment of Watches." 


Lieutenant of the 47th Regiment July 2, 1755; Captain of 5th 
Division of Independent Companies October 28, 1760; Lieutenant 
March 23, 1764. 

(This appears on our Roll as James, but was a mistake, the only Captain 
Elphinstone being John, as above.) 



Signer of the Declaration of Independence. 

Son of Lewis Morris, Chief Justice of the Vice-Admiralty Court. 
(1698-1762.) He was born at Morrisania in 1726; graduated at 

1758] st. Andrew's society. 29 

Yale, B.A., 1746; at first devoted himself to the care of his extensive 
estate, but soon began to take an active part in public affairs. He 
opposed strongly the attempt of the authorities to enforce the act 
which required that additional supplies be given to the King's troops, 
on the grounds that it was tyrannical and unconstitutional. After 
the skirmish at Lexington he was chosen a delegate to the Congress 
of 1775. When in July of 1776 he signed the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence he knew that his estate lay open to spoliation by the 
British and for the following six years his family suffered many 
privations. Early in 1777 he relinquished his seat in Congress and 
afterwards served as State legislator, and as Major-General of the 
State militia. After the war he returned to agricultural pursuits 
and died at Morrisania Jan. 22, 1798. 


Captain James Stewart of Urrard in Perthshire was appointed 
to the second battalion of the 42nd Royal Highlanders and was 
wounded at Ticonderoga. He sold out after the peace. 
(His name appears on our Roll as James Stuart.) 



A Surgeon of the staff with Abercromby at Albany in 1756. As 
Abercromby was in New York in 1759 Adair probably accompanied 

Lieutenant Baillie of the 35th or Otway's Regiment. 

30 ROSTER. [ T 759 


Second in command of the 78th, Fraser's Highlanders. He had 
been an officer in a Scottish regiment in the Dutch service, was 
taken prisoner at Sluys in 1747 and carried off to Dijon in Bur- 
gundy. He was shortly exchanged and put in command of Stewart's 
Regiment at the garrison of Tournay. Tired of Holland he got 
transferred and, probably through the influence of his brother-in 
law, Rose of Kilravock, received a commission in the 78th on con- 
dition of his raising a company. The business of recruiting went 
on merrily in the earlier months of 1757. The Major wrote to his 
brother, "one day at Inverness, next day return to Kilravock, and 
a third day at Nairn, and so on alternately, and often reviewing my 
recruits, and Kilravock and I engaging good men and dismissing 
worse." The Major's success is shown by the following minute of 
the Nairn Town Council. — 20th April, 1757.— "Whilst the Council 
had under consideration the condition of the streets a letter was laid 
before them from James Clephanc, Esq., First Major to the Second 
Battalion of Fraser's Highlanders, directed to Mr. Alexander Ore of 
Knockoudie, Treasurer of the Burgh, wherein was enclosed Five 
Guineas gifted by that worthy gentleman, brother to Mrs. Elizabeth 
Clephane, Lady Kilravock, and freeman Burgess and Guild brother, 
as a token of his friendship, for being applied towards repairing the 
street. The which letter being read, the Council in testimony of the 
high value they sett on his friendship and of their due esteem and 
sincere affection for him do appoint and ordain their clerk to record 
said letter in the Council Book and lodge the original among the 
Town's papers." Major Clephane was able to send off to Glasgow 
a company of one hundred and twenty-four recruits raised, (he 
wrote to his brother) "by my worthy friend Kilravock and a few 
other friends, without any assistance from Colonel Fraser or his 
officers, as good hearty young fellows as are to be seen in many 
regiments and all as willing and cheerfully engaged as is possible 
for any men to be." He and his men were at the Siege of Louisburg 
and saw much fighting. At the conclusion of the war many of the 
men remained in Canada while the Major returned to be merry with 
his friends in Nairn. He sold out of the army in 1760, and three 
years later he was elected a member of the Nairn Town Council. In 
1765 he was unanimously elected Provost of Nairn, which office he 

1759] ST - Andrew's society. 31 

held for several years. He was a type of the rollicking soldier of 
the day. The village of Clephantown still preserves his name. — 
George Bain's "History of Nairnshire." 


Manager 1760-62; 1763-65. 

Youngest son of Lieutenant Governor Cadwallader Colden with 
whom he lived at his estate of Spring Hill, Flushing. He was a 
gentleman of the first character and reputation as to honesty and 
veracity. He was originally bred a physician, but never practised. 
He was fond of retirement, was much devoted to scientific pursuits, 
and maintained a correspondence with the learned of his time both 
in Europe and America. In 1765 he addressed the Commissioners 
of the Stamp Office at London, on learning that James McEvers, 
Distributor of Stamps, had resigned his office, asking for the ap- 
pointment. He expressed his sense of the odium and danger which 
the appointment involved, but he pleaded that, as his father was 
determined to enforce the act, he himself must necessarily assume 
the office of distributor, and that it was but fair if he incurred the 
risk he should reap the advantages of the emoluments. At his 
father's death he inherited the paternal seat at Flushing, Having 
adhered to the Crown he signed an address to Governor Tryon, 
October, 1776; was attainted in 1779. He was appointed July 15. 
1780, Assistant Master of the Rolls and Superintendent of Police 
, on Long Island, with equity powers. In 1783 he retired to England 
where he died July 10, 1784. His estate had been confiscated. His 
wife Ann, a daughter of John Willet of Flushing, returned to this 
country with her children, one son, Cadwallader David, and four 
daughters. — Thompson's History of Long Island, Vol. II, p. 8/. 


In 1758 he was of the firm of Johnston & Gemmel at Kennedy's 
house near the new Ferry stairs. In the following year at the same 

32 ROSTER. [1759 

place but on his own account, and dealt in European and East Indian 
Goods. He was drowned August 22, 1763, crossing Wright's Ferry 
and was buried at Constable Point, N. J. 

(His name appears as "Gammell" on Roll.) 


James Glen was born at Linlithgow in 1701 ; educated at the 
University of Leyden, and on returning home, held several political 
offices. In Dec, 1738, he was commissioned Governor of South 
Carolina, but holding at that time the post of Seignories in Scotland 
did not arrive in the Province till Dec. 19, 1743. He was a man of 
considerable knowledge and ability, courteous and polite, and ex- 
ceedingly fond of military parade and ostentation. He entertained 
friendly relations with the Cherokee Indians, and in the fall of 1753 
visited their country and concluded a treaty by which an immense 
extent of their territory was ceded to the King. During his adminis- 
tration the principles of constitutional government were advanced 
by drawing the line more sharply between its legislative, executive 
and judicial branches, and by formally separating and defining the 
respective functions and limitations of each. Governor Glen ad- 
ministered the Colony till June, 1756, when he was superseded. In 
1761 he published in London "A Description of South Carolina." — ■ 
Nat. Cy. of Biog. 

Manager 1766-72. 

Watch Maker from London ; opposite the Merchants Coffee 
House. In 1769 he moved to Hanover Square, and was there in 


Of Lochgarry ; Captain in 78th Fraser's Highlanders Jan. 13, 
1757; wounded at "the Heights of Abraham"; Major of the 71st 
Fraser's; Colonel of the 76th McDonald's Highlanders; d. 1789. 
(His name appears on Roll as McDonald.) 

1759] ST - Andrew's society. 33 


Son of Keppoch. Of the 78th Fraser's Highlanders, Lieutenant 
Jan. 14. 1757; Captain Oct. 17, 1759. 

(His name appears on Roll as McDonald.) 

john Mckenzie, m.d. 

Surgeon of the 62nd Regiment Feb. 2, 1756. 

(His name appears on Roll as Dr. McKenzie and again in 1769 as John 
McKenzie, M.D. There was only one in British Army List.) 


Norman entered the army in January, 1756, as ensign in the 
42nd Highlanders and served under Lord Loudoun in Nova Scotia ; 
under General Abercromby in the expedition against Ticonderoga 
in 1758; accompanied the expedition under Amherst on Lake 
Champlain and down the St. Lawrence in 1759-60. Having been 
transferred to the 80th or Gage's Light Infantry, he was commis- 
sioned Captain-Lieutenant of that corps on Oct. 4, 1760, and served 
in it till its reduction in 1763, when he went on half pay, and was, 
some time after, appointed Commissary at Niagara. His name is 
continued in half-pay list until 1787, when it disappears. — Col. Doc. 
VIII, p. 228. In 1775 he was recalled to the colors, again as Lieu- 
tenant in the 42nd, and afterwards exchanged into the 71st, in which 
he was a Captain in 1779. He was in the expedition against Charles- 
ton in 1780 and was wounded in the campaign. In 1781 surrendered 
with Cornwallis. — F. B. Richards. 


Partner of John Ramsay in the firm of Mercer and Ramsay, 
doing business in Pearl Street "at the Sign of the Cross Keys near 
the Fly Market," Importers of Dry Goods 1771, "Betwixt the Ferry 

34 ROSTER. [1759 

stairs and Burling's Slip ; sell best quality of Indigo and inspected 
Tobacco." He took the side of the Crown at the Revolution, dis- 
solved partnership and returned to Europe where soon after on the 
death of an elder brother, says Scoville, "he became Lord Keith." 

(This could hardly be so. Admiral Elphinstone became Viscount Keith by 
creation. Mercer probably succeeded to the Alvie estate.) 


David Mill or Milne received a commission as Lieutenant in the 
42nd July 19, 1757; wounded at Ticonderoga ; again wounded at 
Martinique in 1762 and retired from the army at the peace in 1763. 

(This appears on our Roll as Mill and is changed to the above spelling on 
the authority of the Duke of Atholl.) 


Dealt in European and Indian Goods opposite the Fly-Market. 
In 1763 he is found as landlord of the London Coffee House. 
(His name appears on our Roll as Aughston.) 



Manager i774~75; 1784-85; Secretary 1767-70; 1771-72; 
Treasurer 1767-72. 

Son of James Ramsay of Perthshire and was born there in 1731. 
After receiving a liberal education in the professions of law and 
physic, he left his home in Scotland, and in companionship with his 
young friend Robert Mercer went up to London, where they entered 
a counting-house together. When John became twenty-one, the two 
friends emigrated to New York, and forming a co-partnership under 
the firm name of Mercer and Ramsay, entered into the business of 
importing. At the breaking out of the war, Mercer returned to 
Scotland, having taken the Royalist side. On Jan. 21, 1768, in 
Hugh Gaine's Mercury appeared the following advertisement "Mr. 

r 759] ST - Andrew's society. 35 

John Ramsay, Merchant in New York, near the Fly Market." On 
Marcli 5, 1771, he became a member of the Chamber of Commerce. 
Tl>e course of Mr. Ramsay on the approach of the struggle was a 
firm and consistent one. A member of the Dutch Reformed Church, 
it was natural that he should ally himself with the party which 
favored a larger liberty than the views of either Church or King 
promised at that day. Differing in views with his partner, Mr. 
Mercer, the firm was dissolved, Mercer returning to Great Britain, 
while he continued the business alone. Through his many influential 
connections abroad he received many brilliant offers from the British 
Government, but he always refused to take part against the land of 
his adoption. When the British took possession of the city he re- 
moved to New Jersey, where he remained till the close of the war. 
On June 1st, 1784, he was re-elected to the Chamber of Commerce. 
He had his store in Pearl Street, residence on Greenwich Street and 
a farm in Westchester County. He died Dec. 1, 1816. aged 85. 

Surgeon 60th Regiment April 16th, 1762. 

I 760. 

Of the 78th Fraser's Highlanders. 


Son of Lachlan Campbell of Islay and "Campbell Hall," N. Y., 
and born at the latter place. Appointed Ensign in the 48th Regi- 
ment Aug. 23, 1758; Lieutenant June 15, 1760. Remained loyal. 

36 ROSTER. [1760 


Of Glendaruel ; Ensign 42nd Royal Highlanders Sept. 25, 1745 ; 
Lieut. May 16, 1748; Capt.-Lieut. July 2, 1759; Capt. July 20, 1760; 
Capt. 27th Inniskilling Regiment Mar. 25, 1762; Major Superin- 
tendent of Indian Affairs in Quebec July 2, 1773 ; Lieut.-Col. Aug. 29, 
1777 )" Col. Nov. 16, 1790. He had a long and meritorious service 
with his regiment, the 42nd Highlanders, in all its campaigns from 
the Rebellion in 1745 to the attack on Ticonderoga (where he was 
wounded on the 8th of July 1758), and the conquest of Canada, 
Martinique and Havana. He subsequently served in the expedition 
commanded by General Burgoyne, at the head of a number of 
Indians, and was distinguished for his spirited conduct as an officer, 
adorned by that elegance and politeness which mark the accom- 
plished gentleman, and his virtues in private life endeared him to 
his family and companions. His remains were attended to the grave 
in a manner suitable to his rank, not only by a very numerous assem- 
bly of citizens of all ranks, but by a large body of Indian warriors, 
whose very decent behavior evinced the sincerity with which they 
partook of the universal regret occasioned by the loss of so very 
respectable a member of society. He died at Montreal, aged 64, 
on the 23rd of June, 1795. — Communicated by Major Sir Duncan 
Campbell of Barcdldinc through the kindness ,of Frederick B. 
Richards, Esq., Sec'y., N. Y. State Hist. Assn., Glens Falls, N. Y. 

(This officer has heretofore been believed as of the family of Glenlyon and 
Scottish histories so designate him. Major Sir Duncan Campbell, however, is 
authority for ihe statement that Lieut. John Campbell of Glenlyon exchanged 
into the Marines in the year 1755.) 


Captain of one of the Independent Companies ; in 1760 resided 
at Princeton, N. J. ; in 1762 a lottery for his benefit was advertised 
which was intended to convert into money an improved tract of land 
in Middlesex County, N. J.; in 1765, having been in some kind of 
business in New York, he made an assignment, Walter Buchanan 
acting for the assignees. At the Battle of Brooklyn was Brigade- 
Major of the New Jersey militia under "Lord Stirling." His mili- 

i"6o] st. Andrew's society. 37 

tary record as taken from the Year Book of the New York Society, 
Sons of the Revolution, is as follows: — Capt. 1st Regiment Hunter- 
don Co., N. J. Militia, Col. Isaac Smith; Capt., Col. Samuel For- 
man's Battalion, Heard's Brigade, N. J. Militia, June 14, 1776; 
Brigade-Major of same, July 25, 1776; Major and Quartermaster in 
Quartermaster-General's Dept., N. J. Militia, Mar. 2, 1778-1779. 

Manager 1762-63. 

In 1761 Robert and James Law advertise sale of European and 
India and other Dry Goods at their store in Hanover Square ; in 
1762 moved "opposite the Cross Keys, near the Fly-Market," and 
their advertisement shows they have added "Delf and Stone Ware 
of all kinds, Drinking Glasses and Decanters of all sorts and Fine 
Bottled Beer." 

(This name appears in the History as John.) 


Lieutenant 60th Royal Americans Dec. 26, 1755 ; aide-de-camp to 
Lord Loudoun ; married a widow Cunningham. 


Master of the snow "Barrington" of Glasgow; was in New York 
on Saint Andrew's Day 1760 and 1761. Traded between New York, 
Greenock and Glasgow. 

(His name appears on Roll as Donald McCurdy.) 


In 1761 he advertises as "from London" and offers for sale at 
his store, north side of Hanover Square, European and India Goods ; 
in 1 761 he offers to take in payment for his goods "Connecticut 
money, naval stores, or Skins." 

38 ROSTER. [1760 


Lieutenant-Colonel 55th Regiment Feb. 25, 1760; Lieutenant- 
Colonel 48th Regiment Mar. 20, 1761. 


In 1763, Wine Merchant "at Mr. Samuel Deall's in Broad St., 
near the Earl of Stirling's. A Choice Cargo of old Vidonia Wines. 
N.B. Considerable Allowance to those who take a Quantity of 

Manager 1766-72. 

Merchant trader between New York, Antigua and London. 
From 1760 to 1764 he sailed successively the sloops "Samuel," "Two 
Brothers," and "Yonkers," and the snow "Creighton." His voyages 
to Antigua were principally for salt. The "Creighton," however, 
was a passenger ship. In 1777 he had a ship chandlery store near 
the ship yards and was appointed by Major-General Robertson (a 
fellow member), Superintendent of the Watch in the Montgomery 
Ward, for the prevention of incendiarism. "On Saint Andrew's 
day, 1778, the Highland Volunteer Militia, in their Highland uni- 
form, led by Captain Normand Tolmie, paid their Compliments to 
his Excellency the Commander-in- Chief, by whom they were re- 
ceived with great politeness." His will, leaving all to his wife 
Phoebe, was proved April 1, 1788. 


Was Major in the Royal Americans, and on Apr. 26, 1751, was 
appointed Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel with the promise of being 
Governor of Virginia. The Commandant of Fort William Henry, 
Colonel George Monroe, sent Young to make terms with the 
Marquis of Montcalm. In the capitulation Montcalm expressly 
gave permission to Young to serve as Governor of Virginia, but not 

1760] st. Andrew's society. 39 

in the army. After the surrender of Fort William Henry he was 
shamefully stripped and plundered by the Indians and rescued by 
a French grenadier, and it is a curious fact that he afterwards 
recognized and recovered some of his property in I759> on the re- 
duction of Quebec. In 1758 he commanded the 2nd Battalion of the 
60th Regiment at the Siege of Louisburg, and was appointed Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel of his regiment, with the rank of Colonel in America, 
and in the campaign against Quebec in 1759. commanded the 3rd 
Battalion. On the capture of that city, he was, with great propriety, 
appointed Judge of the Police, in which office he acquitted himself 
with honor, to the general satisfaction of the British traders settled 
there and to the French inhabitants. Taken prisoner at Montreal 
1760, and mentioned in the correspondence between General Murray 
and the Chevalier de Levis. On Mar. 20, 1761, he exchanged into 
the 46th foot; on Feb. 16, 1762, he was promoted to be Colonel in 
the army, and died in November following. He was, says Knox, 
"a man of great merit, an incomparable officer, of sound judgment, 
long experience and was universally esteemed." 

I 76 I. 

("Earl of Stirling.") 

President 1761-64. 

(See Morrison's History.) 


Surgeon of the Royal Artillery who subsequently became head 

of the Medical Department of the British army at New York; d. 

1779, in the West Indies, on the Expedition to St. Lucia under 
General Grant. 

40 ROSTER. [ J 76l 


Major in the 77th Montgomery's Highlanders Jan. 7, 1757; was 
with General Forbes in 1758 on the expedition to Fort Pitt ; with the 
expedition to Lake Champlain under Amherst in 1759; Lieutenant- 
Colonel 95th Regiment Mar. 22, 1781 ; retired on half pay 1763; 
Lieutenant-General 1774; called to the colors in 1780; retired in 
1783; Colonel in the army 1790; Major-General Oct. 1794; Lieu- 
tenant-General Jan. 1801 ; d. 1804. 


b. Ireland, Sept. 19, 1730. Settled in Schenectady as early as 
1754 as a merchant and acquired great wealth ; was a Judge of 
Common Pleas for Albany County in 1771 ; attended a Congress of 
the Six Nations with Sir William Johnson the same year and again 
in 1774, when he was styled Colonel. He was a Justice of the Peace 
in Schenectady. In 1778 practised law in New York. Was one of 
the executors of Sir William Johnson. Died Aug. 16, 1802. 


Son of Lachlan Campbell of Islay and "Campbell Hall," N. Y. 
Lieutenant in the Goth Royal Americans Dec. 28, 1757. Remained 
loyal, unlike his brother Donald. 


Appointed Lieutenant in Loudoun's Highlanders June, 1745; 
served through the Rebellion 1745; made the campaign in Flanders 
in 1747, in which year he was promoted to a Captaincy ; went on half 
pay af the peace of 1748. He was again called into active service when 
he joined the 42nd; wounded at Ticonderoga ; appointed Major of 
the 17th foot by General Amherst July 11, 1759; promoted to be 

1 761] st. Andrew's society. 41 

Lieutenant-Colonel in the army Feb., 1762; commanded his regi- 
ment in the expedition against Martinique and Havana; Lieutenant- 
Colonel of the 57th foot May 1, 1773, and returned to America at 
the breaking out of the Revolution ; was appointed Major-General 
Feb. 19, 1779; Colonel of his regiment Nov. 2, 1780; commanded 
the British forces in West Florida, where he surrendered Pensacola 
to the Spaniards May 10, 1781 ; became Lieutenant-General 1787; 
General Jan. 26, 1797, and died August 28, 1806. — Stewart's 


In 1757 Master of the snow "Robert and Ann" from Bristol; in 
1758 trading to South Carolina; 1761, sloop "Keppel" for Monte 
Christo; 1762, ship "Manchester," eight carriage guns and twenty 
men, for London, part of his cargo being skins and furs; 1766, ship 
"Edward" for Hamburg; 1771, cast away on Trinidad; 1772, mem- 
ber of the Marine Society and master of a new ship "London" ; 
1773, had refused to carry tea aboard his ship and received the 
thanks of the people; 1774, had eighteen boxes of tea and at first 
denied having them. The owners, the Captain and a Committee met at 
Fraunces' tavern, while the Mohawks "were prepared to do their 
duty." The people, however, were impatient and about 8 p.m. went 
aboard the ship, took out the cases of tea, broke them open and threw 
the tea into the river, dispersing in good order, but in anger with the 
captain. The cargo was consigned to Walter and Thomas Buchanan. 
On his next trip to London the English pilot ran his ship ashore 
three times and then hanged himself in the cabin. While in London 
Chambers entered a claim against the government for the value of 
the tea thrown overboard in New York. In October, 1778, he was 
master of a small privateer belonging to the Island of Jamaica cap- 
turing, off Charleston, several valuable American prizes ; a large 
brig was fitted out to take him, but he escaped. 


42 ROSTER. [ ! 76l 

Secretary 1770-71. 

In 1759, Welsh and Currie, Dry Goods, in Wall Street; in 1761 
doing business alone at the same place; in 1784 Trustee of the First 
Presbyterian Church, and in the same year Archibald and David 
Currie attached their names to the petition to the Legislature, Apr. 
13, asking a new charter for the Chamber of Commerce; in 1785 the 
firm contributed iio towards the Saint Andrew's Hall Fund. 


In 1758 a theatre was built on Cruger's Wharf, between Coenties 
and Old Slips, on the Front Street line. It is simply styled in dra- 
matic records "a building suitable for the purpose." The proprietor 
and manager was David Douglass, whom Wemyss calls ''a gentleman 
by birth and fortune, who by his marriage with Lewis Hallam's 
widow, was placed on the theatrical throne of the Western Hemis- 
phere." Douglass attempted to open the Cruger's Wharf Theatre, 
but "received an absolute and positive denial from the authorities," 
when he made an appeal to the public in the columns of Gaine's 
Mercury. He stated how he had "begged in the humblest manner" 
of the magistrates "to indulge him in acting as many plays as would 
barely defray expenses" but was "peremptorily refused." Douglass 
next explained in a card in the same journal on Dec. 8, 1758, how he 
had conceived the happy thought of starting a "Histrionic Academy, 
in which plays would be performed, or rather recitations given, — in 
costume, perchance, — authorities or no authorities to the contrary 
notwithstanding." The magistrates thereupon relented, and. on 
Dec. 28. 1758, the new theatre was opened with Rowe's "Jane 
Shore." The Chapel Street Theatre was the next building erected 
as a theatre. It was built of wood at a cost of $1625. The scenery 
and wardrobe were worth a thousand dollars. Here for the first 
time visitors were allowed behind the scenes, and it is also famous 
as the scene of the first "egging" known to the American stage. 
The following advertisement explains itself. "Theatre in New York, 

1761] st. andkew's society. 43 

May 3, 1762. — A Pistole reward will be given to whoever can dis- 
cover the person who was so very rude as to throw Eggs from the 
Gallery upon the stage last Monday, by which the Cloaths of some 
Ladies and Gentlemen were spoiled, and the performance in some 
measure interrupted. D. Douglass." Douglass's next move was to 
Burns's New Assembly Room in 1767, where he gave his famous 
"Lecture on Heads." The John Street Theatre was the next place 
with which Douglass was identified, but it had to be closed during 
the Revolution. Douglass afterwards) became Chief Justice of 
Jamaica, where he died. 


In 1761 Master of the Sloop "Hazard" for St. Christopher; in 
1763 Master of the "Lawrence," Letter of Marque to cruise off 
Hispaniola; member Marine Society Oct. 13, 1800. 

Manager 1761-62. 

Senior member of the firm of Robert and James Law, who adver- 
tise sale of European and India Goods and other Dry Goods at their 
Store in Hanover Square. 


Manager 1765-66; Vice-President 1766-70; 1771-72; 1774-75; 

President 1772-73. 

(See Morrison's History.) 

Cordwainer. On Roll of Freemen, Oct. 1, 1765. 

44 ROSTER. [ J 76i 

Manager 1773-74; Secretary 1764-65; Treasurer 1765-67. 

He was the seventh child of Judge William Moore of Moore 
Hall, Pa., b. June 17, 1735. (Judge William was a son of John who 
died Collector of the Port of Philadelphia, 1732, and who was the 
first to come from England, establishing himself at Charleston.) 
The first record of the presence of Thomas W. Moore in New York 
is to be found in the record of his marriage with Anne Ascough 
July 6, 1 761, he being twenty-seven years of age at the time. This 
lady was the widow of Dr. Richard Ascough, a surgeon in the 
British army, and resident in New York in the middle of the 18th 
century. In Gaine's Mercury of Aug. 23, 1762, Moore advertises 
"Sugar by Thomas William Moore at his store in King's Street, next 
door to Jamesi Duane, Esq." In 1768 he was admitted to membership 
in the Chamber of Commerce, and in 1769 he was made a freeman of 
the city under the appellation of Gentleman. He was of the firm of 
Moore and Lynsen, afterwards Moore, Lynsen & Co., Auctioneers, 
Daniel McCormick having been admitted to the firm. Mr. Moore 
never seems to have hesitated in his allegiance to the Crown. When 
the British army arrived from Halifax in 1776 he immediately 
entered the service. He enlisted as Captain in General Oliver de 
Lancey's Loyal Brigade. In 1778 Captain Moore sailed with the 
Expedition against Savannah and was present at the taking of that 
place in December. After the capture. Colonel Campbell appointed 
Moore as Barrack Master. He became Provincial Aide-de-Camp 
to General Prevost and took part in the defence of the city in 1779- 
On the evacuation of Savannah Moore returned to New York. In 
1783 he withdrew to Nova Scotia and was afterwards appointed 
Consul to Rhode Island and Connecticut, had a disagreement with 
the Governor of Rhode Island and his exequatur was withdrawn by 
Washington. He died in England. 


Fourth in descent from David Provoost, the first settler; father 
of the future Bishop; in 1737 his name appears on the Roll of Free- 
men; in 1748 his place of business was in a house "near the new 
Dutch Church"; in 1751 store near the Fly-Market where he sold 

1761] st. Andrew's society. 45 

European and Indian Goods ; in 1757 he imported cannon, muskets, 
ammunition, &c, for privateering. He became wealthy and was for 
many years one of the Governors of King's College. He died Sept. 
24, 1767. 

Treasurer 1761-65. 

He seems to have come to New York in 1759, for in his adver- 
tisement in the Mercury he says: "Just arrived from Europe," and 
again "Lately from Europe." His name does not appear before 
that date. His store was opposite the Fly-Market where he sold 
European goods, meaning pretty much everything. Judging from 
his advertisements his coming was in the nature of a venture as he 
says "his time here is to be short," but he settled down and remained. 


In 1761 Master of the Sloop "Tryal" ; in 1763 Master of the 
Schooner "Pitt" for Antigua, while his store was on Great Dock, 
two doors from Royal Exchange, where he carried on a ship- 
chandlery business; in 1764 takes "Old Rope walk in the Fields or 
Vineyard No. 4," his ship-chandler's store being run by his partner 
James McConnell on his own account; on Nov. 12, 1764, David 
Shaw advertises Rope Walk for sale with all the Tools and utensils, 
and nothing more is heard of Neil. He probably was a son or 
brother of David. Died intestate, William Malcom appointed Ad- 
ministrator Sept. 6, 1785. 

First Lieutenant 94th Regiment March 7, 1760. 


In 1758 Store on Canon's Wharf where he sold Irish linens, glass, 
muskets, pumps, boots and butter. Member of the Marine Society 
in 1774. 

46 ROSTER. [1762 



Master of trading vessel between New York, Dublin and Glasgow ; 
in 1760 Master of the Snow "Antelope." 

(Mr. Morrison has omitted this name altogether, assuming that it was meant 
for "Lord Stirling.") 


Son of Barcaldine; joined the 42nd as Ensign in 1745; captured 
at Prestonpans ; came to America in 1756 as Captain in the 42nd 
and in 1759 was appointed Major for the campaign under Amherst; 
he was employed at the head of the Grenadiers and Rangers, clear- 
ing the way for the army to the lakes; became Major in the army 
Aug. 15, 1762; went on half pay in 1763, having obtained a grant 
of five thousand acres at Crown Point ; in 1770 he was Major of 
the 36th Foot in Jamaica; became Lieutenant-Colonel May, 1772; 
Colonel Nov. 17, 1780; Major-General 1780; d. 1795. 


Merchant in Albany ; in 1760 advertising European Goods and 
making a specialty of Tartan plaids, Scots Bonnets, Highland garter- 
ing, Highland Shoes, &c, "Near the North Gate." 


Captain in the 77th Montgomery's Highlanders Sept. 15, 1758; 
Captain 55th Regiment Sept. 17, 1760; Major Aug. 31, 1770; at 
one time in command of Fort Brewerton at the outlet of Oneida 
Lake, where Mrs. Grant of Laggan, then Miss Mc Vicar, met him, 

1762] st. Andrew's society. 47 

and who says of him "whose warm and generous heart, whose en- 
lightened and comprehensive mind, whose social qualities and public 
virtues I should delight to commemorate did my limits permit." 
Gen. James Grant Wilson states that he was killed leading the 
attack on Fort St. Anne at the Battle of White Plains in 1777. 


In the service of George and John Buchanan of Glasgow, repre- 
sented in New York by Walter and Thomas Buchanan. In 1755 
master of the snow "Friendship" for Londonderry; in 1761 in the 
brig "Polly"; in 1764 in the "Peggy" from Glasgow; in 1766 in the 
snow "Buchanan"; in 1773 in the brig "Matty"; in 1774 in the ship 
"Lilly" ; in 1777 the same ship is armed with twelve 6 pounders. 

( 1 722-1797) 

Third son of Lieutenant-Governor Cadwallader Colden. In 
June, 1776, he was arrested in Ulster County for his extreme loyalist 
opinions. Sabine tells us that in 1784 on petition of some friendly 
Whigs he was permitted to return to the State. 


Evidently an attorney. Found as witness to several wills. Ad- 
ministrator of the estate of David Gemmel who was drowned, and 
who died intestate. Appointed Sept. 9, 1763. 


In New York Gazette 1761, David Fleming "from Dublin," ad- 
vertises his Soap and Candle Store between the Fly-Market and 

48 ROSTER. [ 1 762 

Burling's Slip. "Myrtle or Tallow Candles; hard or soft Soap." 
1762 — "A few Quarter Casks Madeira Wine. Some Prussian Blue, 
Paper by the Ream, Green Tea in Canisters, Jamaica Spirits by Five 
Gallons or upwards, St. Vincent Tobacco, Choice Claret in bottles, 
Brass fittings for furniture &c." d. 1763. 


Lieutenant in the 42nd Royal Highlanders Aug. 16, 1762; Lieu- 
tenant 26th Cameronians Apr. 8, 1767; Captain Sept. 7, 1768; 
Major Jan. 18, 1777. In 1771 Captain Gordon lived on Broadway 
in house almost opposite the Governor's garden. 

(His name appears on Roll as Andrew. Ford's List also has Andrew, which 
is a mistake.) 


A brother of Thomas of Duchray ; entered the 42nd as Ensign, 
was wounded at Ticonderoga and again at Bushy Run in 1763, 
shortly after which he went on half pay. He rejoined the Regiment 
in 1765 and in 1772 is dropped, having attained the rank of field 
Officer. — Stczvart's Sketches. 


In 1754 master of the brig "Elizabeth & Catherine" for Dover; in 
1756 succeeded Captain Thomas Miller in command of the brig 
"Maria"; in Feb. of 1757 he was captured on his voyage from 
London to New York by a French Privateer off Portland, and a 
prize crew placed on board. Next day the British sloop of war 
"Badger" hove in sight, gave chase, attacked and took the privateer 
and sent a lieutenant after the "Maria." The Frenchmen, in their 
efforts to escape, ran her on a reef two miles from shore and escaped 
in the boats, while Grant and his crew were rescued, the brig going 
to pieces. On July 4th of same year he was appointed to command 
the snow "Chippingham," a Letter of Marque mounting ten guns, 

1762] st. Andrew's society. 49 

and Thomas Miller was the agent. In 1759 he is found doing business 
in the next house to Malcolm Campbell (our Treasurer), his line 
being Dry Goods. In 1763 I find him again at sea as master of the 
schooner "Friendship" trading to Havana. In 1773 he is Naval 
Officer at West Florida, a government position, and in 1781 is of 
Kings County "Gentleman." 


Ensign in the 77th, Montgomery's Highlanders, Jan. 6, 1757; 
Lieutenant Sept. 16, 1758; Quarter-Master Aug. 16, 1762. 

Manager 1765-66. 

New York Gazette May 10, 1762. "For teaching the Latin and 
Greek Languages, the Geography and Antiquities requisite for the 
Classicks, &c. A School is to be open'd on the 18th of May Instant 
in New Street, next door to the Sign of Sir Peter Warren, opposite 
to the Presbyterian Church : Which Branches, together with Writ- 
ing and Cyphering shall be taught in the best Method for qualifying 
young Gentlemen for the College : And all interested may depend 
particular Attention shall be had to every Thing that may promote 
their Knowledge and Virtue, in the Power of Thomas Jackson." 


Lieutenant Fire Workers, Royal Regiment of Artillery June 8, 
1757; Second Lieutenant Royal Artillery Aug. 15, 1760; First Lieu- 
tenant Royal Artillery May 23, 1764. 


Son of Baron Reid of Straloch and b. Feb. 13, 1721. He was 
educated at the University of Edinburgh and entered the army as a 

50 ROSTER. [1762 

lieutenant June 8, 1745, in London's Highlanders; captain in the 
42nd June 3, 1752, and Major in 1758. He served under Wolfe and 
Amherst, and was wounded in the expedition against Martinique in 
1762, and promoted Lieutenant-Colonel. On his return to New York 
that year he joined the Society and married the President's sister, 
Susannah Alexander, on Dec. 28. In 1763 he was sent to the relief 
of Fort Pitt and defeated its Indian besiegers in the well fought 
battle of Bushy Run. In 1770 he went on half pay, became Major- 
General in 1781, Lieutenant-General in 1793, General in 1798 and 
Colonel of the 88th Regiment and died in London Feb. 6, 1807. He 
is best remembered by his countrymen as the composer of the music 
of "The Garb of Old Gaul." He founded the Chair of Music at 
Edinburgh University. 

(His name appears on Roll as Colin Reed, the manner in which the word 
Colonel was written leading to the mistake.) 



Born in Virginia in 1723, where his father John was President of 
the Council and Speaker of the House of Burgesses. Colonel Robin- 
son married Susannah Phillipse. In 1756 he was in the Dry Goods 
business in Wall Street and in 1757 of the firm of De Lancey, 
Robinson & Co., Duke Street, European and Indian Goods, also 
sugar, indigo, rice, and New York, Jamaica and West India Rum. 
In 1759 he was a Major under Wolfe at Quebec. At the Revolution 
he took the Royalist side and raised the Loyal American Regiment 
and became its colonel. He was concerned in Arnold's treason, his 
country mansion being used by Arnold. He was one of those who 
pleaded for Andre's life. After the war he went to New Brunswick 
and became a member of the first council of that Colony. He died 
at Thornbury, near Bath, in England in 1792. 


Ensign 62nd Royal Americans Jan. 14, 1756; Lieutenant 77th 
Montgomery's Highlanders Jan. 8, 1757; Captain-Lieutenant Sept. 

1762] st. Andrew's society. 51 

l 5, 1758; Captain Dec. 31, 1761 ; Captain 21st Royal North British 
Fusileers Mar. 14, 1765; Major Feb. 21, 1772; Lieutenant-Colonel 
47th Regiment 1780, in which year he died. 

Member of the Marine Society May 8, 1792. 

(This name appears on Roll as Vans.) 



Eldest son of George and Jean Lowden Buchanan and born at 
Glasgow 24th December, 1744. His father George was a man of 
fortune and liberal education and a leading merchant in Glasgow 
during the early part of the 18th century. After finishing his studies 
at the University of Glasgow, Thomas determined to visit America 
and arrived in New York soon after he had completed his 18th year. 
Walter Buchanan, a cousin of his father, was then engaged in busi- 
ness in New York and Thomas in a short time became a partner 
with Walter. Their store was for many years in Queen Street oppo- 
site the upper end of the Fly-Market and their business was princi- 
pally confined to importing and selling goods from Glasgow, London, 
Liverpool and Bristol. In 1765 they became one of the largest ship- 
owners in New York. The firm underwent several changes, Walter 
ultimately withdrawing, the business eventually becoming merged 
in Thomas Buchanan and Son. During the Revolutionary War 

52 ROSTER. [1763 

Thomas remained neutral, retaining the esteem of both Americans 
and British. To his firm was consigned the cargo of tea in the 
"Nancy," Captain Lockyer, which was returned to London by the 
indignant citizens of New York in 1774. In 1775 he was one of the 
Committee of One Hundred. At the second meeting of the Chamber 
of Commerce in 1768 he was elected a member, although only in his 
twenty-fourth year, and from 1780 to 1783 was Vice-President, and 
in the latter year was elected President, but declined to serve. 
Stevens gives the following portrait of him. "His hair was sandy, 
his eyes light blue, his complexion florid; he was of middle height 
and not very stout in his youth but grew larger with advancing 
years ; he then wore his hair powdered and tied in a cue which was 
daily arranged with much particularity. His usual dress was a blue 
coat with bright buttons, light waistcoat, small clothes and silk stock- 
ings. He always wore a white stock and gold buckles. The style of 
his dress was that generally adopted by gentlemen of the old school 
of his age and position. His country seat was on the East River 
near Hurl Gate. He died at his residence in Wall Street, Sept. 10, 
1815, leaving behind him an unstained reputation and the example 
of an honorable and highly successful merchant and honest man." 

Manager 1772-73. 

He was born in Glasgow and was the first of the family in New 
York. In 1762 he advertised in Gaine's Neiv York Mercury, March 
15th, a variety of dry goods, "Sagorthees, duroys, Plyden leather 
breeches, &c, at his Store on Peck's Slip, next door to the sign of 
the Half Moon as imported in the last vessels from London, Liver- 
pool and Glasgow." In 1770 he became a member of the Chamber of 
Commerce. He remained in New York during the war but took no 
part in the politics of the time ; he and his cousin Thomas were 
distinguished for their kindness and hospitality to the prisoners of 
war. It is to be mentioned to the credit of the Buchanans that they 
nowhere appeared as engaged in privateering, an exception to the 
almost universal practice of the day. 

1763] st. Andrew's society. 53 

Manager 1772-73. 

In his early days he was a merchant in the Island of Jamaica, 
West Indies. At the breaking out of the war he withdrew to Perth 
Amboy. In July, 1776, he was arrested by Major Duyckinck and 
sent to General Livingston at Elizabethtown. He was subsequently 
sent to the Provincial Congress which directed him to remain on 
parole at Trenton and was later permitted to live at Bordentown. 
He became a member of the Chamber of Commerce Apr. 6, 1773, 
and an Honorarv member of the Marine Societv. 


In 1763 in charge of the Alms House and advertises for a "Pub- 
lick Whipper" to whom "good encouragement will be given to any 
Person that may incline to offer." Evidently the inmates were not 
permitted to be idle for he advertises that he has "Oakum, Candle 
Week, Shoe Thread, and Garden Greens" for sale and that he will 
give ready money for old junk. One is curious to know why old 
junk was wanted in the Alms House. In 1776 he had become an 
Auctioneer and Broker "on the Bridge near the Coffee Mouse" and 
in 1777 Assistant Commissary of Horse to the Royal Artillery. 
Dead in 1784. 


( 1737-1794) 

. Merchant, whose store in 1761 was behind the Post Office, where 
he sold Dry Goods, also Rum, Molasses and Sugar. In 1774 he 
was a member of the General Assembly. His record as taken from 
the Year Book of the New York Society, Sons of the Revolution, is 
as follows : — Col. 10th Regiment Albany Co., New York Militia, 
Oct. 20, 1775-Sep. 21, 1780; Member New York Provincial Con- 
vention Apr. 20, 1775 ; Member New York Provincial Congress, 
1775-7; President of same Sep. 26, 1776-Mar. 6, 1777; Member 
New York Assembly 1780-1. Died Nov. 15, 1794. 

54 ROSTER. [1763 



Secretary 1765-67; 1772-75; Treasurer 1773-74; Manager 1784-85; 

Second Vice-President 1785-87; 1790-91; 

First Vice-President 1787-88. 

Born at Aberdeen in the year 1750. Importer of Scottish goods, 
doing business in 1763 at the corner of Queen Street. At the out- 
break of the Revolution was residing in New York City. Being an 
ardent partisan of his adopted country, he was a "Son of Liberty," 
and raised, at his own expense, the Second Regiment, known as 
Malcom's, in which he served as Major and Colonel. He became 
Colonel of the 16th Additional Continental Regiment and retired 
in 1779. He became Deputy Adjutant-General of the Northern 
Department under General Gates. At the close of the war he com- 
manded the militia of New York and Richmond Counties, with the 
rank of Brigadier-General. He joined the Chamber of Commerce 
in 1784, became Alderman in 1785, and a member of the Legislature 
for several years, d. Sept. 1, 1791. 


In 1763 Captain Middleton of sloop "Industry" for Maryland. 
Unable to say that this was our member. 



Born at Strathardle, Perthshire, 1726. Entered the army early 
in life and his career throughout was an eventful one. He first saw 
service with the Scottish Brigade in Holland. In 1756 he was on 

1763] st. Andrew's society. 55 

half pay and, on the eve of the departure of the 42nd for America, he 
received an ensigncy, and, soon after joining, a lieutenantcy. He 
was with his regiment at Ticonderoga in 1758, accompanied Am- 
herst the following year in the expedition to Lake Champlain and in 
1760 went down from Oswego to Montreal. He served in the West 
Indies in 1762 and that year was promoted to a company. The Sec- 
ond Battalion of the 42nd then returned to Scotland and was re- 
duced, Small going on half pay. In 1765 he was appointed to a 
company in the 21st or Royal North British Fusiliers which came 
soon after to America. In 1775 he received a commission to raise a 
corps of Highlanders in Nova Scotia and was appointed Major 
commanding the 2nd Battalion of the 84th Royal Emigrants and was 
present at the Battle of Bunker Hill. In Trumbull's painting of that 
action Major Small's figure occupies a prominent place. He subse- 
quently served with his regiment under Sir Henry Clinton in New 
York State. In 1780 he was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel. The 
grenadier company was at the Battle of Eutaw Springs. In 1782 he 
was quartered in Long Island and in 1783 the regiment was dis- 
banded. The men who were Americans, and who enlisted while the 
regiment was stationed on Long Island, emigrated to Nova Scotia 
where they settled the present town of Douglas. In 1790 Small 
became a Colonel in the army and in 1793 was appointed Lieutenant- 
Governor of Guernsey. He was promoted to the rank of Major- 
General in 1794 and died at Guernsey, March 17, 1796, in the 70th 
year of his age. — From MacLcan's "Highlanders in America." 

A Wine Merchant of this city. 

56 ROSTER. [1764 



Master of the "Manufacturer*' in the Bristol trade. 



Born Scotland, 1728; 3rd son of Sir Gilbert Elliott, Bart., Lord 
Justice Clerk of Scotland; he was uncle of the first Earl of Minto; 
while very young was sent to Philadelphia and served as an 
apprentice in a counting house there, and afterward entered into 
mercantile life ; through the influence of his brother Gilbert, mem- 
ber for Selkirk, and confidant and counselor of Lord Bute, he was 
appointed, on the death of Archibald Kennedy, Collector of the Port 
of New York, by commission dated Jan. 19. 1764, which office he 
held until the evacuation of the city; visited Scotland in 1763; was 
appointed in 1780 His Majesty's Lieutenant-Governor and admin- 
istered the Royalist government from 17th April to 26th November. 
1783 ; m. a Philadelphia lady and her property in that State was 
consequently confiscated ; his daughter Elizabeth married in June, 
1779, Lord, afterwards Earl Cathcart, then a Major in the 38th 
Regiment of foot ; he was one of three persons sent to Washington 
to intercede for Andre: his country seat was called "Minto" on the 
Bowery Road near Ninth Street: as an evidence of the esteem in 
which he was held his property in New York was not confiscated; 
the Elliott estate in Greenwich village was sold to Randall in 1790 
for £5.000 and is now Sailors Snug Harbor property: he returned 
to Scotland in 1783 and died in May. 1797. at Mount Teviot in Rox- 

1764] st- Andrew's society. 57 


In 1764 Master of the ship "George and John" for London with 
passengers and freight. 

Manager 1766-72; Treasurer 1774-75. 

In Rivington's "Neiv York Loyal Gazette" appears the following 
advertisement i "Donald McLean, surgeon of the late 77th Regiment, 
has just received a large importation of Genuine Drugs and Medi- 
cines, &c. ;" in 1766 had become McLean and Treat, with Drug 
Store in Hanover Square: in 1771 partnership is dissolved, McLean 
to continue : in 1774 removed to Water Street, five doors west of 
the Coffee House; on Dec. 30th, 1776, the following advertisement 
appears : "Is now happily delivered from his late captivity and again 
returned to this city to his former place of residence in Water 
Street." He probably had visited his old companions in arms and 
had been captured. Captain McDonald in one of his letters to 
McLean jocularly remarks that they proceeded to "Teach you the 
Method of Riding upon a Raile & Such other Manly Exercises as 
breaking your head, &c." Married June 29, 1780, Henrietta Mc- 
Donald of Invernessshire. dau. of Capt. Allan McDonald of the 84th 
Regt. Miss McDonald, her. mother and sister, had been virtually 
prisoners for three years at Schenectady. 


(1724- 1 772) 

Fourth son of the 6th Earl of Lauderdale, was born in 1724, 
obtained a company in the 43rd Regiment Sept., 1754; was Adjutant- 
General to the British troops under Wolfe at Quebec, with the rank 
of Lieutenant-Colonel : was appointed by General Murray to carry 
home the tidings of the victory. He received the rank of Colonel in 
1772 and died July 13th, 1772, leaving, by his wife, an American 
lady, four sons, the youngest of whom. James, followed his father's 
profession, and as Lieutenant-Colonel of the 75th Regiment fell at 
the head of the storming party at Bhurtpore in 1805. Col. Maitland 
was buried in Trinity Church Yard. 

58 * ROSTER. [1764 


In 1767 Master of the ship "Queen of Spain," trading to Poole; 
member Marine Society Dec. 23, 1795. 


Of Philadelphia. Commissary of Naval Prisoners ; keeper of the 
Prison Ships. Previous to the Revolution he was a merchant. The 
mortality of persons under his care, at New York, was very great, 
but it is impossible to state facts which concern him personally with 
accuracy. He was attainted of treason in Philadelphia and his 
estate forfeited. He died at his house in Kirkcudbright in 1799, 
aged 64. — Sabine. Born in the Parish of Kirkcudbright, Scotland, 
came to this country in 1760 and became a merchant of Philadelphia. 
In 1779 he came to New York and received the appointment of 
Commissary-General of Naval Prisoners. From time to time he 
acted in a similar capacity with reference to army prisoners and it 
was he who participated in the exchange of British soldiers taken 
at Saratoga and Yorktown. Mr. Morrison in his sketch of Robert 
Lenox, referring to David Sproat, says : "In this connection, it is an 
interesting fact that the Continental Congress upon the recommen- 
dation of Robert Morris, then Superintendent of Finance, voted 
that upwards of £550 currency should be repaid Mr. Sproat for 
moneys personally advanced by him for the relief of American naval 


In 1750 master of the sloop "Success" and captured by the 
French; in 1756 master of the sloop "Betsy"; commanded several 
vessels down to 1768; in 1770 he became a member of the Marine 
Society and in 1776 he left the sea and had a store in Water Street 
where he sold all kinds of merchandise. 

1765] st. Andrew's society. 59 



Surgeon in the Royal Artillery. With Braddock in his campaign. 


Lieutenant Engineers Aug. 25, 1776; styled in Army List Prac- 
titioner Engineer and Ensign ; Engineer Extraordinary as Captain- 
Lieutenant Mar. 17, 1759. 


I find no reference to this member unless the following advertise- 
ment, which appeared in the Mercury of September 28. 1778, refers 
to him "A Surgeon is willing to go with an armed ship to Great 
Britain or Ireland. A line directed to A. C. left at the printer's, will 
be attended to." 

Lieutenant 44th Regiment June 6, 1757; Captain July 22, 1758. 

* The identification of Dr. Blair comes under the head of the "Romance of 
Research." After examining about fifty volumes of newspapers and a very 
large number of other authorities, I found Dr. Blair in the following manner. 
Seeing an advertisement of John Duncan of Schenectady for a runaway negro 
slave, I read the description out of curiosity, and at the end came a list of the 
slave's employers and Dr. Blair turned out to be the first. 

60 ROSTER. [1765 


Secretary to Sir Henry Moore, was appointed by him Register 
of the Prerogative Court in 1766. 


Major in the New York Volunteers; in 1776 at Halifax under 
General Howe; killed 1777 in the storming of Forts Montgomery 
and Clinton. His widow perished in 1787, of cold and exposure 
when wrecked near St. John, N. B., when crossing the bay of 
Fundy. — Sabine. 


In 1765 master of the ship "Elizabeth" trading to London; in 
the snow "Thistle" to Londonderry ; in 1775 in the ship "John" to 
Dublin and Glasgow; in 1778 in the ship "Montgomery" for Glas- 
gow, Thos. Buchanan & Co., Agents. 


b. Kelso, Roxburghshire, Scotland, Dec. 4, 1727. He received his 
academical education in his native town, and afterwards studied for 
the ministry at the University of Edinburgh. He was ordained in 
1759, and was immediately installed pastor of the English church 
in Flushing, on the island of Walcheren, Netherlands. Here he 
labored for four years, when he received a call to the Collegiate 
Dutch Reformed Church of New York. He arrived at New York 
on Mar. 29, 1764, and on Apr. 15 following preached his first 
sermon. He was the first minister of the Dutch Church in America 
to preach in English. A man of distinguished talents and able 
theologian, he was eminently successful as a preacher, but his minis- 
terial labors were interrupted by the Revolutionary War. From 
the scenes of agitation and peril that were occurring in the city of 


New York, he found a refuge at Red Hook, where he remained till 
the close of his life. In 1770 he published an English translation of 
the Heidelberg Catechism for the use of his church, and the same 
year the degree of D.D. was conferred on him by the College of 
New Jersey. He died at Red Hook, New York, Nov. 14, 1779. — 
The Nat. Cyclo. of Amcr. Biog. Chaplain to 1st Battalion of Inde- 
pendent Minute Men. 

(His name appears on Roll as Laidlaw.) 

Lieutenant 60th Regiment May 30, 1759; Captain Royal High- 
land Emigrants June 14, 1775. 


Manager 1774-75. 

A native of Glasgow, this being peculiarly a Glasgow name. 
There are Pagans there still. In 1766 he was master of the sloop 
"Britannia" trading to St. Eustatia ; in 1769 admitted Freeman; in 
1773 he was doing business as shipping agent; in 1774 he has for 
sale a "quantity of Indian Corn and Black Eyed Pease, also a few 
Packs of Southern Beaver fit for shipping" ; in 1776 he was one of 
the addressors of Lord Howe. In 1777 the firm was Robert Pagan 
& Co., in the Pry Goods business in Queen Street. In 1778 he kept 
a provision store under his own name. There were three brothers, 
all born in Glasgow, and all were Loyalists. William settled in 
Falmouth, New Brunswick, and became a member of the House of 
Assembly. He died at Fredericton Mar. 12, 1819. 


Came to Schenectady from London and associated himself with 
John Duncan of Montreal and carried on a most extensive business 
with Montreal and the great Lakes. After a time Duncan retired 

62 ROSTER. [!76s, 1/66 

from the firm with a fortune and settled in Schenectady. Phyn then 
took into partnership with him four brothers named Ellice, all of 
whom made fortunes. In the Colonial Documents I find the follow- 
ing reference to James Phyn. Colonel Guy Johnson in a letter to 
the Earl of Dartmouth dated Oct. 6, 1774, speaks of the bearer 
"Mr. Phyn, a Mercht of good credit and most fair character is 
returning to London," and further says that "this Gentleman's ex- 
tensive acquaintance with the back Country, & his strict integrity 
enables him to answer any occuring Questions in the compass of his 
knowledge in a candid & satisfactory manner." He and Mrs. Phyn 
and family left for Europe in November of 1774. 

Master of the snow "Enterprise" trading to Newcastle-on-Tyne. 




"Living next door to Widow Douglas at the Back of the New 
Gaol, nigh the Barracks." Teaches Reading, Writing, Latin, Arith- 
metic, Vulgar and Decimal. Opened his school Sept. 19, 1764. 


In 1767 master of the ship "Mary" from Cork. Member Marine 
Society Apr. 24, 1770. In 1778 master of the brig "Fanny" for 




Artist. Gilbert Stuart was his pupil, and Alexander, when he 
returned to Scotland, took Stuart with him. 

Honorary member of the Marine Society in 1772. 



Second son of James Campbell of Inverneil, and born at Inver- 
neil Aug. 21, 1739. Entered die army 1757 as Captain in the 
78th and served throughout the campaign, and was wounded at 
the taking of Quebec. In 1764 the regiment was disbanded and 
Campbell was transferred to the 29th and afterwards promoted 
major and lieutenant-colonel in the 42nd, with which he served 
in India till 1773, when he returned to Scotland and was elected 
M. P. for the Stirling burghs in 1774. In 1775 Simon Fraser 
raised another regiment, the 71st, and Campbell was selected by him 
as Lieutenant-Colonel of the Second Battalion. On his arrival in 
America, he was captured in Boston harbor while the city was in 
the hands of the Americans, was held a prisoner until exchanged for 
Ethan Allen the following year. He was then appointed a Brigadier- 
General and given command of the expedition against Georgia. He 
was entirely successful, seizing Savannah with the loss of only four 
killed and five wounded. The following year he was superseded, 
and disagreeing with his successor, returned to England on leave. 
He was promoted Colonel and in 1782 Major-General and Governor 
of Jamaica. His efforts in defence of the West India Islands against 

64 ROSTER. [1767 

the French were entirely successful, and the assistance rendered the 
forces in America in the way of supplies, information and reinforce- 
ments was of immense benefit. For his services he was invested a 
Knight of the Bath in 1785 and appointed Governor and Com- 
mander-in-Chief at Madras. In 1787 he was appointed Colonel of 
the 74th Highlanders. In 1789 he returned in ill health to Scotland 
and was at once re-elected M. P. for the Stirling burghs. He died 
Mar. 31, 1 791, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, where a 
monument was erected to him in the Poets Corner. — Diet. Nat. Biog. 

Manager 1772-73. 

Representative head of the family of McDonald of Ardnamur- 
chan, and although the estate had been sold by his grandfather 
Angus, he was still regarded as of Ardnamurchan. On the outbreak 
of the French and Indian War he was commissioned Lieutenant in 
77th Montgomery's Highlanders and served through the war with 
that regiment, distinguishing himself in the expedition to Fort 
Duquesne. He was wounded in the attack while with the advance 
guard under Major Grant of Ballindalloch. At the end of the war 
he settled in the vicinity of New York and went into business as a 
wine merchant in this city. In 1766 he advertises his farm of eighty- 
two acres at New Rochelle at private sale. In 1767 he is in business 
near the Merchants Coffee House, where he sells Dry Goods, Wines 
and Hand Organs. In 1769 made an assignment to William Neilson 
and in the same year became a member of the Chamber of Com- 
merce. In 1770 he had moved to King Street and was again in 
business, where, according to Stevens, he bartered Madeira wine for 
country produce and gave notice that "the one article is to be re- 
ceived when the other is delivered" ; in 177}, hi* house in King Street 
is to let. In 1775, Stevens says that "he was charged on the 14th 
of June, in the Provincial Congress 'with concerting measures and 
employing agents to enlist men, to be employed against the liberties 
of America.' A Committee was sent to Staten Island (where he 

*Stevens in his Chamber of Commerce Records says that Captain McDonald 
was a sea captain, but in this he was mistaken. 

1767] st. Andrew's society. 65 

also had a farm and which he made his home), to arrest him and 
search his house, but they reported that he had gone to Boston and 
that they found 'no papers relating to the raising of troops.' " The 
report had, however, a basis of truth, for McDonald, with Allan Mc- 
Lean, was then in Boston interviewing the British General and 
offering to raise men to form two battalions, which they ultimately 
did and which became known as the 84th or Royal Highland Emi- 
grants, in which McDonald received a Captaincy. In his letters 
from Halifax to William McAdam and others he complains of the 
brutal treatment accorded his wife and family, and wonders why he 
who had served his King and country for over thirty years, should 
be condemned to death by his former neighbors for simply doing his 
duty. His Letter Book, which contains much interesting informa- 
tion, was published by the New York Historical Society. 


President 1773-74. 

(See Morrison's History.) 


In command of the First Battalion 71st Fraser's and the Light 
Infantry in the expedition to Savannah, December, 1777. Suc- 
ceeded Colonel Campbell as Lieutenant-Colonel of the 71st Fraser's. 
One of the first who died, after the cessation of hostilities, was the 
Honourable Lieutenant-Colonel Maitland, son of the Earl of Lauder- 

* Brother of Colonel the Honorable Richard Maitland who joined the Society 
in 1764. 

66 ROSTER. [ J 768 

dale. Fie was originally in the Marines, but as this service did not 
afford a sufficient field for his active and enterprising mind, he was 
transferred to the line, and appointed Major to Fraser's Flighlanders. 
His arrival at Savannah, at a most critical moment, inspired con- 
fidence in his friends, while it struck the enemy with surprise, as 
they did not expect he would be able to penetrate by a circuitous 
route, after they had secured the fords and passes. Colonel Mait- 
land lived in the trenches with the soldiers, and, "by his courage, his 
kindness of heart, and affability to his men, secured their affection 
and fidelity. His dialect was Scotch : — proceeding from a tongue 
which never spoke in disguise, it carried conviction to all. Equally 
brave, generous, and unassuming, his memory will be respected while 
manly fortitude, unstained honor, and military talents, are held in 
estimation." Durng the skirmishing warfare in New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania, in the years 1776 and 1777, he was particularly active. 
Ever on the alert, and having his Flighlanders always ready, he 
attracted the particular notice of Washington. Some communica- 
tions having passed between them as old acquaintances, although 
then opposed as enemies, Colonel Maitland sent intimation to the 
American commander that in future his men would be distinguished 
by a red feather in their bonnets, so that he could not mistake them, 
nor avoid doing justice to their exploits, in annoying his posts, and 
obstructing his convoys and detachments ; adding, that General 
Washington was too liberal not to acknowledge merit even in an 
enemy. Fraser's Highlanders wore the red feather after Colonel 
Maitland's death, and continued to do so till the conclusion of the 
war. Such was the origin of the red feather subsequently worn in 
the Highland bonnet. In the year 1795, the red feather was assumed 
by the Royal Highland Regiment. 


General John Scot was a descendant of Sir John Scot, who published 
the earliest topographical work on Scotland and who was knighted 
in 1 617. General Scot succeeded to the Barony of Scotstarvit about 
1766 and was the last of the Barons, as he was also the last direct 
male descendant of the Scots of Buccleugh. He was quite as eccen- 
tric as his illustrious progenitor. He chose the army as his pro- 

1768] ST - Andrew's society. 67 

fession and in 1754 he held a Captaincy in the 62nd Royal American 
Regiment under Sir John St. Clair. In 1761 he was Colonel of the 
3rd Regiment of Guards, in 1768 Colonel of the 26th Cameronians 
and in 1770 Major-General. He organized the British forces in 
New York at the time of the Revolution. He sat continuously in 
Parliament for over twenty years as member from Fifeshire from 
1768 until his death. About 1763 he purchased Balcomie Castle, and 
its lofty tower, which still remains, forms a well-known sea mark. 
His three daughters married into the peerage and became respec- 
tively Duchess, Countess and Viscountess. General Scot died at 
Balcomie Castle Dec. 20. 1775, and was buried in the old church 
yard of Kilrenny, where a splendid mausoleum was erected by the 
Duchess of Portland in memory of her father. 

(His name appears on our Roll as Colin Scott, the manner in which the word 
Colonel was written leading to the mistake.) 




The grandfather of James was Kenneth, third Lord Duffus, who 
was a brave naval officer and attainted in 1715 for his share in the 
Rebellion of that year. James was appointed Lieutenant in the 26th 
Cameronians and came out in the year 1768. After reaching the 
rank of Lieutenant-Colonel he retired from the army, and settled on 
his estates in Caithness. The family honors were restored to him 
in 1826, and Lord Duffus died the following year at the advanced 
age of eighty years. 


Senior member of the firm of Hugh and Alexander Wallace, in 
the Irish linen trade in later days, while in 1759 they carried on a 
more general trade, including wines and liquors, spices, dried cod- 
fish, shirts, shoes and stockings. &c. They were merchants of 
wealth and position and both married sisters, daughters of Cornelius 
Low of Raritan, New Jersey. Hugh the elder brother, became 

68 ROSTER. [1768 

President of the Chamber of Commerce, and member of the Gover- 
nor's Council. His mansion was on Dock Street and was the resort 
of the great dignitaries of the Province, and his manner of life was 
costly and elegant. He remained in New York during the Revolu- 
tion and in August, 1776, was apprehended by orders from Wash- 
ington because he had declined to take the oath of allegiance to 
Congress, and was sent to Connecticut in care of Governor Trum- 
bull. Finally, he and his brother Alexander were allowed to go to 
Long Island on parole. Three years later they were attainted and 
if found on State soil were to be seized and punished with death 
"without benefit of clergy." The City was, however, occupied by the 
British, and Wallace remained until the evacuation, when he re- 
turned to Waterford, Ireland, and died in 1788. 



"Charles Aitken, Esq., gentleman of large fortune in the Island of 
St. Croix," who frequently visited New York and who, on one of his 
visits, married Cornelia Beekman in the year 1771. Honorary Mem- 
ber of Marine Society under the name of Charles Aikens. 

(Appears on our Roll as Ailkins on account of an uncrossed "t".) 


Was commissioned a Lieutenant in the 60th Royal Americans 
Feb. 9, 1756, and promoted to be Captain Sept. 15, 1760. He went 
on half pay in 1763, and returned to the regiment in January, 1764; 
became Major of the 3rd Battalion Sept. 22, 1775, and died 1777, — 
Col. Doc. Vol. X. p. 1007. On June 11, 1772, married Molly Living- 
ston, daughter of Peter Van Brugh Livingston. 

1769] st. Andrew's society. 69 


Ship Captain; cast away on Cape Sable 1764; in 1769 master of 
the "Pearl," which arrived in New York Oct. 23 from the Straits of 


In the Shoe business in the Fly-Market, where he sold "English 
Boot Legs, Sole Leather, and men's and women's shoes." In 1778 
he advertises that he will soon quit business. 


Captain in the 44th Regiment Dec. 10, 1768; Major July 23, 1772. 
Sabine says that in the Revolution one of this name was a Loyalist 
Captain in the Second Battalion New Jersey Volunteers. Do not 
know whether they were one and the same. 


In 1761 engaged in the African slave trade; in 1763 advertises 
a "Parcel of fine Young healthy Slaves most of which have had the 
small Pox"; commanded several vessels up to 1771, beyond which 
date his sea service has not been traced ; in 1770 he became a member 
of the Marine Society and in 1786 a Resident member of our Society, 
he being up to that date an Honorary member ; in 1789 he was in busi- 
ness at 2 Duke Street; in 1785 he contributed £5. to Saint Andrew's 
Hall and in 1791 promised £5. additional. He was alive in 1794 
when his subscription was returned to him. Owned one share in 
the Tontine Coffee House. 


Surgeon in the 60th Royal American Regiment. This is the same 
man noted in the year 1759. The number of his regiment only had 

* Did this officer become Major of the 71st? 

70 ROSTER. [1769 


In the employment of George and John Buchanan of Glasgow, 
and regularly consigned to Walter and Thomas Buchanan, their 
agents here; in 1766 master of the snow "Thistle" of Glasgow; in 
1771 of the ship "Buchanan"; in 1774 member of the Marine 
Society; in 1777 master of the ship "Patty," a Letter of Marque, 
sixteen guns and twenty-nine men ; attacked while on his voyage 
from Teneriffe to New York by two Privateers, one of fourteen, 
the other of sixteen guns and succeeded in beating them off. Wounded 
in another engagement in 1780 with an American frigate of 26 guns 
hailing from Salem, Mass. 

(1722- 1 774) 

Son of William Ogilvie, youngest son of Sir Walter Ogilvie, 
afterwards Baron Ogilvie of Deskford; b. New York City, 1722; 
d. there Nov. 26, 1774. He graduated at Yale in 1748 in the same 
class with Bishop Seabury. After receiving orders, was appointed 
to the mission to the Mohawk Indians, among whom he labored for 
ten years. He was appointed Chaplain to the Royal American Regi- 
ment and was present in every campaign during the French and 
Indian War. He was with Sir William Johnson in 1759 and the 
next year with General Amherst in his expedition against Canada. 
In 1764 he was appointed Assistant Minister in Trinity Church, 
New York, which post he held during the remaining ten years of his 
life. He received the degree of D.D. from King's College in 1770 
and soon after from the LTniversity of Aberdeen. Mrs. Grant of 
Laggan says he "was highly respected and indeed much loved by 
all who were capable of appreciating his merit. His appearance was 
singularly prepossessing; his address and manners entirely those 
of a gentleman. His abilities were respectable, his doctrine was pure 
and scriptural, and his life exemplary, both as a clergyman, and in 
his domestic circle, where he was peculiarly amiable ; add to all this 
a talent for conversation, extensive reading, and a thorough knowl- 
edge of life." 

1769] st. Andrew's society. 71 

(1729- 1 800) 

b. Ireland in 1729; his grandfather of the same name was a 
Scottish officer of dragoons, who for services in the battle of the 
Boyne, was given an estate in Ireland. The younger Charles came 
to this country in 1750 and became a deputy Surveyor-General of 
the province of Pennsylvania. In 1774 he was a member of the con- 
vention in New Jersey that issued a declaration of rights, and in 
1775 a delegate to its first provincial congress. By his adopted State 
he was made Colonel of its first regiment of the line, and in 1777 
was appointed by congress Commissary-General of Issues in the 
Continental army, serving as such on Washington's Staff until the 
close of the War. In 1784-5 he was a representative from New 
Jersey in Congress. He died at Flemington, New Jersey, July 24, 


In 1764 Druggist and "Chymist" from London, succeeding James 
Murray, whose place of business was opposite the Meal Market. In 
1767 he was at the Golden Head, having removed from between 
Burling's and Beekman's Slips to House lately occupied by Walter 
and Thomas Buchanan in Queen Street, between Hanover Square 
and the Fly-Market, where he remained as late as 1774. In 1778 at 
corner of Water Street and the Fly-Market. In 1780 sold his busi- 
ness and left the country. In 1781 in London, shipping drugs to 
New York druggists. 



William Anstruther obtained a commission as Lieutenant in the 
26th Foot Jan. 12, 1757 and a company in the same regiment in 1766. 
He was taken prisoner by the American forces under Montgomery 
at St. Johns, Nov. 3, 1775, and sent with his regiment to Reading, 

72 ROSTER. [ x 770 

Pennsylvania, where they remained until exchanged. Government 
having formed a corps called Donken's Royal Garrison Battalion, 
Captain Anstruther was commissioned Major in it on Oct. 26, 1779. 
In 1790 he became Captain of one of the companies of Royal Invalids 
stationed on the Island of Jersey; Commandant in 1794, and Colonel 
in 1795. He died in 1807. 


In August, 1770, Dougal Campbell, Esq., of Charleston, S. C, 
landed in New York on his way to Canada. A day or two after 
his arrival at Lake George he was seen to enter the woods and on his 
not returning, search parties were organized, but no trace of him 
was ever found. His next of kin was Lieut. George Robertson of 
H. M. S. Fowey and Campbell's estate was handed over to him. 

President 1770-71. 

(See Morrison's History.) 


Captain Edward Foy received a commission of 1st Lieutenant in 
the Royal Artillery on the 2nd of April, 1757, and became Captain- 
Lieutenant on Jan. 1, 1759. In the month of July following, he 
acted with such bravery at the battle of Minden, as to be specially 
distinguished on the day after the battle by the Commander-in-Chief 
in his address to the army. He was promoted to a captaincy in Feb. 
1764, and accompanied Lord Dunmore. as his private secretary, to 
New York in 1770, and went thence with his Lordship to Virginia 
in 1772. He was gazetted Lieutenant-Governor of New Hampshire 
in July, 1774. During his stay in Virginia, Captain Foy unfortu- 
nately shared much of the odium that attached to the Governor, with 
whom he retired on board the "Fowey" on June 8, 1775. In the 
address of the House of Burgesses on the 19th of June following, 

1 7~°] st. Andrew's society. 73 

they accuse the Governor of "giving too much credit to some persons 
who to the great injury to the community, possessed much too large 
a share of his Lordship's confidence," alluding to Captain Foy, "an 
Englishman of violent passions and hostile prejudices against us," 
who was considered Governor de facto. The Countess of Dunmore 
sailed soon after and arrived in England in August, 1775. Captain 
Foy returned home about the same time with despatches for the 
Ministry, and at the close of the following year his name is found 
countersigned to an official paper issued at Crown Point by Governor 
Carleton of Canada, shortly after his defeat of the American Fleet 
on Lake Champlain. Captain Foy's name disappears in 1780 from 
the Army List. — Col. Doc. Vol. VIII. p. 323. m. July 26, 1772, 
Hannah Van Home daughter of John Van Home of Kills Hall, and 
in 1773 had a son born to him. 


Received his commission as Captain in the Royal Navy Apr. 4, 
1757; in Dec. 1763 he was in command of the "Blonde" 32 guns. 
He is best known as, for many years, the Captain of the "Coventry" 
a 28 gun ship. During the Stamp Act excitement Governor Colden 
proposed to put the instruments aboard this ship, but Captain 
Kennedy declined to receive them and was placed under arrest at 
Morristown, New Jersey, by the Colonial Authorities, but was after- 
wards placed on parole. In 1777 he was suspected of giving aid to 
the enemy, through his wife, a daughter of John Watts. His prop- 
erty consisted of several houses situated at the lower end of Broad- 
way, the Kennedy house remaining until a few years ago. He 
succeeded to the title of Earl of Cassilis in 1792 and died Dec. 29, 


Manager 1773-74. 

Son of Robert the third lord of the manor and born Dec. 26, 1742. 

He assumed the name of Cambridge as a middle name to distinguish 

himself from the other Roberts. He married a daughter of John 

Swift, d. Aug. 23, 1794. 

74 ROSTER. [I770 

Manager 1774-75," 1784-85; Treasurer 1785-87; Second Vice- 
President 1787-88; First Vice-President 1788-92. 

On Sept. 4, 1772, William Maxwell and family, passengers in the 
ship "Juno," landed in New York, and in same year Maxwell & 
Williams advertise that they are "from Bristol, at Robert and John 
Murray's Old Store." They further say that at Bristol they "for 
many years carried on a large and extensive trade in the snuff and 
tobacco manufactories." and that they "have erected in this city a 
complete apparatus for carrying on the said business in all its 
branches." In 1773 their store is in the Fly-Market and their works 
at Bayard's Sugar House in Wall Street. After May of that same 
year their store was at the lower end of Wall Street. In 1785 he 
contributed £20 to Saint Andrew's Hall; in 1786 became Vice- 
President of the Bank of New York and subsequently its President. 
In 1786 his address was No. 4 Wall Street. In T794 his estate was 
being administered by his son, James Homer Maxwell, who joined 
the Society in 1784 and who was a respected officer thereof. 


On Jan. 8, 1761, Lieutenant in Independent Company; Ensign in 
the 16th Regiment Apr. 8, 1767; Ensign in the 26th Regiment Feb. 
21, 1769; Lieutenant in the 26th Regiment Mar. 2, 1770. 


Captain 26th foot May 12, 1759; Major 26th foot Sept. 7, 1768; 
in 1770 he had been in garrison at New Brunswick, New Jersey, 
with one hundred and sixty men for three years. On the transfer of 
the company the inhabitants presented him with an address. During 
the time the company had been there, there had only been two 
deaths, while there were over fifty children born to them. In 1773 
he is found in Montreal and in 1775 Commander of the Post of 
St. Johns, New Brunswick. He was besieged by Montgomery, and 
after a stubborn defence surrendered, marching out with the honors 
of war. 

1 77°] ST - Andrew's society. 75 


Captain of the Royal Artillery. In 1773 he was stationed at St. 


Ensign of the 26th Regiment Jan. 12, 1770; Lieutenant of the 
26th Regiment Feb. 22, 1776. 


The only one of this name whom I have found was a "Captain 
Andrew Syme," a noted privateer, master of the Letter of Marque 
brig "Loyal Subject," carrying 4 carriage guns, 6 swivels and 15 
men, belonging to the Buchanans of Glasgow. He inflicted great 
damage to American shipping. 


Lieutenant Robert Weddall, 26th Cameronians, Feb. 7, 1759; 
Captain-Lieutenant Robert Weddall, 26th Cameronians, Oct. 31, 
1770; Lieutenant Robert Waddle, 57th Regiment, Oct. 9, 1775. 
These different spellings refer to one and the same man. 



Surgeon of the 40th Regiment Feb. 7, 1757- 

(This name appears on our first printed Roll as Dr. Calderwood 

and in the History as M. D. Calderwood.) 

j6 ROSTER. [ l 77^ 


In the provision business near Pecks Slip. Sabine says in 1775 he 
was the owner of the sloop "Francis," which was permitted to sail 
with her cargo for the Carolinas by the Committee of Safety. He 
remained in New York and after the war did business at 78 Cherry 
Street. In 1779 he became a member of the Chamber of Commerce. 
In 1778 at corner of Dover and Cherry Streets. 


In 1774 in the Dry Goods business "At the corner of the Fly- 
Market. Intends to go to North Britain in the Fall. Wants to sell 
his goods cheap for cash and also his land in the Scotch Patent, 
Charlotte County." This looks as if he did not stay long in the 
country, and up to 1780 I have found no further reference to him. 


Born in the Island of Mull. Went to Jamaica, W. I., where he 
practised medicine and after a time came to New York. On Jan. 9, 
1772, he made his will, and after providing for his relatives in Scot- 
land, he leaves to Dr. Donald McLean (a fellow member), his "riding 
chairs and his silver Surgeon's Pocket Instruments and £20 for 
mourning," and to William McAdam (also a member), £20 for 
mourning. His will was proved April 29, 1772. 



Signer of the Declaration of Independence. 

b. Gifford, Haddington, Feb. 5, 1722; son of James, minister of 
the Parish of Yester; graduated Edinburgh 1742 and in 1745 or- 

* In Morrison's History he is given as Manager 1794-95. The Manager of 
that date was Archibald McLean of McLean's Independent Journal, who joined 
the Society in 1785. 

I77 1 ] ST - Andrew's society. yy 

dained minister of the Parish of Beith. While looking at the Battle 
of Falkirk he was taken prisoner and confined for two weeks ; in- 
stalled Pastor of Paisley in 1757; degree of D.D. Aberdeen 1764; 
declined the Presidency of Princeton in 1766. but accepted a second 
invitation and was inaugurated Aug. 17, 1768. He was a leader of 
the Presbyterians of the country in embracing the American side in 
the difficulties with the British Crown. He was elected to the con- 
vention that framed the New Jersey Constitution and he surprised 
his fellow members by his knowledge of law ; in June of 1776 he was 
elected to the Continental Congress. He did much to influence the 
members in passing the Declaration of Independence. During the 
course of the War he occupied several important positions and 
served until its close. In 1783 he visited England, intending to 
appeal for help towards Princeton, but found it politic to refrain 
from doing so. He returned to Princeton, did not resume the work 
of teaching, but occupied himself with the administrative affairs of 
the college till the close of his life. For two years before his death 
he was blind. His writings were many, mostly of a religious charac- 
ter. He died near Princeton, New Jersey, Sept. 15, 1794. 

(His name appears in Morrison's History as Wotherspoon, M.D.) 


(1 746-1 777) 

Richard Nicholls Colden was son of Alexander Colden, Post- 
master of New York. Graduated from King's College in 1766. He 
received a commission of Ensign in the 42nd Royal Highlanders, 
Aug. 27, 1766, when that regiment was stationed in Pennsylvania. 
Whilst quartered in the Isle of Man, he married a Scottish lady, a 
Miss Bethune, by whom he had two sons, Alexander and Cadwal- 
lader. He left the army at the close of 1771 or beginning of 1772, 
and returned with his family to New York, where he was appointed 
Surveyor and Searcher of Customs. He died Aug. 15, 1777. — Col. 
Doc. Vol. VIII. p. 511. 

78 ROSTER. [1772 


Fourth son of the Earl of Leven and Melville and born about 
1740. He came to America in command of the 59th Foot in 1776 
was Brigadier-General and commanded the light infantry at the 
Battle of Long Island. He served with great distinction during the 
war, particularly at the Battle of Princeton. In 1779 he became 
Major-General ; in 1780 he was at the capture of Charleston, in- 
vaded Virginia with 3,000 men and joined Lord Cornwallis in North 
Carolina in December of that year. He led the right wing at Guil- 
ford and at the close of the war was commandant at Charleston. 
After serving for many years as second in command of the forces in 
Scotland, Lieutenant-General Leslie died at his seat of Beechwood, 
near Edinburgh, Dec. 27, 1794. 


Of New Brunswick; originally from Jamaica; m. a daughter of 
Jasper Farmer of Perth Amboy ; probably an ex-army surgeon. Re- 
sided at "Ross Hall." d. 1777. 



Manager 1797-99. 

In 1797 Merchant at 127 Water Street and was still there in the 

year 1800. Scoville says he had one share in the Tontine Coffee 

House. He was one of those who signed the Brokers' Agreement 

to trade with each other at J4 per cent, commission. 


Son of Andrew Barclay and Helena Roosevelt. In 1773 had his 
store on Hunter's Quay where he sold Jamaica Spirits, Rum, Sugar, 

1773] ST - Andrew's society. 79 

&c, and in 1777 he was located at Little Dock Street, corner of 
Exchange. He enlisted as a New Jersey volunteer in the cause of 
the King, was taken prisoner on Staten Island in 1777 and sent to 
Trenton. Graduated from King's College M.A. 1766. In 1786 Mer- 
chant 14 Hanover Square ; in 1789 described as "Vendue Master." 


Son of Henry Barclay, D.D., Rector of Trinity, and b. New York, 
Oct. 12, 1753. Graduated from Kings College; student of law with 
John Jay. At the beginning of the Revolution he entered the British 
Army under Sir William Howe as a Captain in the Loyal American 
Regiment and was promoted to be Major by Sir Henry Clinton in 
1777. He continued in active service till the peace. His estate in 
New York was confiscated, and at the close of the war he fled 
with his family to Nova Scotia. Of the House of Assembly of 
that Province he was for some time Speaker; and of the Militia, 
Adjutant-General. From 1796 till 1828 he was employed in civil 
stations, under the Crown, of great trust and honor. He was suc- 
cessively a commissioner under Jay's Treaty, Consul General for 
the Northern and Eastern States, and Commissary for the care and 
exchange of prisoners. At the conclusion of the War of 1812 he 
was appointed Commissioner under the Treaty of Ghent. — (Apple- 
ton). In private life he was estimable. He was a sincere and 
devout Christian of the Communion of the Church of England. He 
died New York. Apr., 1830. — Sabine. 


Traded between London and New York in the fast packet ship 
"Samson." Member Marine Society Jan. 13, 1772. In 1778 master 
of the "Sally." 


b. Dunfermline, Sept. 7, 1735 ; son of Rev. Ralph Erskine, author 

80 ROSTER. [1773 

of Gospel Songs and Scripture Songs ; came to America in 1771 ; in 
1772 Manager and Agent in New York of the American Company's 
Iron Works at Ringwood, Long Pond and Charlotteburg ; during 
the war he took the American side and became Chief of Engineers 
on Washington's Staff and Geographer and Surveyor-General to the 
Army. He died at Ringwood. New Jersey in 1780. 


Ensign in the 55th Regiment Jan. 5, 1756; Lieutenant May 31, 
1759; Captain May 28, 1768; Major Nov. 17, 1780. 

(Appears on our Roll as Gillon.) 


Son of Peter Van Brugh Livingston ; born Mar. 31, 1753 ; married 
Susan Blondel or Blundel. In 1778 at 856 Hanover Square and 
part of his business was importing Irish butter. 

(This appears in the History as Philip Van B. Jr. but in the publication of 
1823 it is Peter V. B. Jun.) 


In 1761 master of the sloop "Rebecca" trading to New Provi- 
dence; in 1762 engaged transporting troops to Havana; master 
successively of several vessels trading to the West Indies; in 1773 
member of the Marine Society; in 1775 he was of the firm of Shaw 
and Long, whose store was between Burling and Beekman Slips, 
and dealt in Earthern and Glassware, Wines, Spirits, Cheese, &c. 
That same year, there being no dinner of the Saint Andrew's Society, 
owing to the disturbed condition of the city, he presided on Saint 
Andrew's Day at a dinner held by the "Company of Caledonian 
Rangers," at which twenty-one toasts were drank of a character 
which left no doubt on which side their sympathies lay. 

1/73] ST - Andrew's society. 8i 


In 1759 lie kept a dry goods store opposite the Fly-Market; in 
1763 he became insolvent and went back to the sea; in 1767 master 
of the snow "Amelia," carrying freight and passengers to London ; 
in 1768 his store was in French Church Street; in 1770 in Maiden 
Lane and his business had become wholesale; in 1772 on Hunter's 
Quay; in 1771 he became a member of the Marine Society. He 
died in 1786. 


In 1764 one of this name had a house in Broad Street; in 1768 
master of the sloop "Peggy" trading to Bermuda; in 1771 James 
and Alexander Stewart were Ship-Chandler's on Cruger's Wharf ; 
in 1772 trading to Liverpool in the ship "Hope," and in 1775 master 
of the snow "Henrietta" from St. Thomas to Liverpool ; in 1770 be- 
came a member of the Marine Society; in 1785 subscribed £3.10.0. 
towards Saint Andrew's Hall. 



Mariner. Member of the Marine Society July 9, 1770. 


Of Catskill, N. Y. In July of this year he landed in New York 
with a large number of Scottish families, evidently from Morayshire, 
judging from their names, he himself having a Morayshire name. 
He settled them on his lands in the neighborhood of Coxsackie and 
Catskill. During the Revolution he was a Loyalist and was im- 

82 ROSTER. [1774 

prisoned for a long time in Albany jail and occasioned considerable 
correspondence. Richard Varick in a letter to Governor Clinton 
says he was "a man of pretty considerable influence with the 
Enemy." He was eventually exchanged. One of this name, a 
Loyalist, settled in Charlotte County, New Brunswick. 


Son of John of Schenectady. Captain under Sir John Johnson, 
d. Feb. 1819. 



Mariner. In business with Thomas Budd, and in 1769 his 
partnership was dissolved, while he continued in business for him- 
self ; in 1772 in command of the sloop "William" from South Caro- 
lina and return. He lived "near Peck's Slip." His sister Margaret 
married James Ronalds (member 1786). His will was proved Aug. 
2, 1781. 


Same officer who joined the Society in 1768. No other on Army 

Note. — There is no record of the Society having held any 
meetings after the year 1774 and during the Revolution period 
until it met again in 1784, with large accessions to its member- 



The Colonial Documents contain a graphic account of the death 
of Captain Dalzell. "On the 31st July, 1763. he led a detachment 
against Pontiac then encamped beyond the bridge on the creek called 
the Bloody Run in the vicinity of Detroit. The British party was 
obliged to retreat. 'At a little distance,' says Parkman, 'lay a ser- 
geant of the 55th (Otway's) helplessly wounded, raising himself on 
his hands and gazing with a look of despair after his retiring com- 
rades. The sight caught the eye of Dalzell. That gallant soldier, in 
the true spirit of heroism, ran out. amid the firing, to rescue the 
wounded man, when a shot struck him and he fell dead. Few 
observed his fate and none durst turn back to recover his body.' " 


(1 724-1 805) 

b. 1724. He early entered the army, and was promoted Captain 
of Artillery Aug. 1, 1757: Lieut.-Col. in 1761 ; Colonel Apr. 25, 
1777; Major-General Feb. 19, 1779; Lieut. -General Sept. 28, 1787; 
General Jan. 26, 1797. He was appointed Adjutant-General in 
America July 11, 1776. and was sent home with despatches after the 
battle of Monmouth, N. J. lie accompanied the expedition against 
Charleston, S. C, in 1780 and was chief in command in New York 
after the capture of the city. On his return to England he twice held 
a similar appointment at Woolwich arsenal. He died at his house in 
Berkeley Square, London, Mar. 1, 1805. — Applcton. 

(This appears in its proper place as James Patterson and so appears on our 


Abercromby, Gen. Sir James 

Adair, Dr. John 

Aitken, Charles 

Alexander, Cosmo 

Alexander, George 

Alexander, Capt. John 

Alexander, Capt. William 

Alexander, Major-Gen. Wm. ("Earl of Stirling" 

Anderson, Andrew, M.D 

Anstruther, Col. William 

Baillie, Lieut. James 

Barclay, Andrew 

Barclay, Andrew D 

Barclay, Rev. Henry, D.D 

Barclay, James 

Barclay, Col. Thomas 

Bellardie, Thomas 

Blair, Peter, M.D 

Brown, Capt. John 

Brown, Capt. William 

Brown, Capt. William 

Bruce, Capt. Robert George 

Bruce, William, M.D 

Buchanan, Lieut.-Gov., Sir Francis James 

Buchanan, Thomas 

Buchanan, Walter 

Buchanan, Capt. Walter 

Cameron, Capt. Allan 


Lieut. -Gen. Alexander... 

Major-Gen. Allan 


Capt. Archibald 

Archibald, M.D 

Gen. Sir Archibald, M.P. 

Hon. Daniel 

Brig.-Gen. Donald 


Lieut. George 

Lieut. James 

Lieut. James 























































































86 INDEX. 


Campbell, Capt. John 1760 36 

Campbell, Gen. John 1761 40 

Campbell, John 1769 69 

Campbell, Malcolm 1756 2 

Campbell, Major Mungo 1762 46 

Campbell, Major Patrick 1769 69 

Campbell, Capt. Robert 1757 18 

Carre, Lieut. Stair Campbell 1756 3 

Cassilis, Archibald Kennedy, Earl of 1770 73 

Catherwood, William, M. D 1771 75 

Chambers, Capt. James 1761 41 

Christie, Capt. Alexander 1761 41 

Christie, James 1758 28 

Christie, Thomas 1757 18 

Clephane, Major James 1759 30 

Cochrane, Col. Gavin 1757 18 

Cochrane, Capt. Thomas 1762 47 

Colden, Alexander 1756 3 

Colden, Cadwallader, Jr 1762 47 

Colden, David 1759 31 

Colden, Richard Nicholls 1772 77 

Coupar, Capt. Henry 1773 79 

Craufurd, Lieut. -Col. John Walkinshaw 1757 18 

Cumming, John 1774 81 

Currie, Archibald 1761 42 

Dalglish, John 1758 28 

Dallas, Duncan 1762 47 

Dalzell, Capt. James 1757 19 

Doughty, Thomas 1756 3 

Douglass, David 1761 42 

Drew, Capt. James 1764 56 

Drummond, James, M. D 1756 4 

Drummond, Thomas, Lord 1768 65 

Duffus, Lieut. Col. James Sutherland, Lord 1768 67 

Dunbar, Capt. William 1765 59 

Duncan, John 1756 4 

Duncan, Capt. Richard 1774 82 

Dunmore, John Murray, Earl of 1770 72 

Duthie, James 1756 4 

Elder, Capt. Robert 1769 69 

Elliot, Lieut. John 1757 J 9 

Elliott, Lieut.-Gov. Andrew 1764 56 

Elphinstone, Capt. John 1758 28 

Erskine, Robert 1773 79 

Fairholme, Johnston 17*3 53 

Farquhar, William, M.D 1756 5 

INDEX. 87 


Fleming, David 1762 47 

Forbes, Alexander 1763 53 

Forbes, Lieut. Charles 1756 5 

Forbes, Lieut. Lachlan '757 19 

Forrest, Capt. Robert 1761 43 

Foy, Lieut.-Gov. Edward 1770 72 

Fraser, Lieut. -Gen. Simon 1757 '9 

Fraser, Capt. Simon 1757 20 

Fraser, Ensign Simon - 1757 20 

French, John 1765 60 

Fullerton, Lieut. George '757 21 

Gemmel, David 1759 31 

Gillan, Major John 1773 80 

Glen, Gov. James 1759 32 

Gordon, Major Ann 1762 48 

Gordon, Capt. Peter 1760 36 

Gordon, Thomas 1759 32 

Graeme, Capt. Charles 1757 21 

Graham, ^Eneas 1756 5 

Graham, Edward ." 1756 5 

Graham, Capt. John 1762 48 

Grant, Capt. Alexander 1765 60 

Grant, Capt. Michael 1762 48 

Grigg, Capt. John.- 1757 21 

Haggart, Lieut. William 1762 49 

Hay, Lieut. William 1756 6 

Hunter, Capt. John 1765 60 

Hunter, Walter 1756 6 

Innis, Lieut.-Col. John 1756 6 

Jackson, Rev. Thomas 1762 49 

Johnston, David 1756 6 

Kennedy, Capt. Archibald (Earl of Cassilis) 1770 73 

Kennedy, Robert 1756 7 

Kidd, Capt. George 1764 57 

Laidlie, Rev. Archibald, D.D 1765 60 

Law, James 1760 37 

Law, Robert 1761 43 

Leslie, Lieut.-Gen. the Hon. Alexander 1772 78 

Livingston, James 1757 21 

Livingston, John 1756 7 

Livingston, Colonel Peter R 1763 53 

Livingston, Peter Van Brugh, Jr 1773 80 

Livingston, Philip 1756 7 

Livingston, Robert, Jr 1770 73 

Livingston, Gov. William 1756 8 

Lock, John, M.D 1757 21 

88 INDEX. 


Louttit, Capt. James 1756 8 

Lowther, William 1771 76 

McAdam, Capt. Gilbert 1760 37 

McAdam, William 1761 43 

McAlpine, Capt. Collin 1756 8 

McBean, Capt. Alexander 1757 21 

McDonald, Capt. Alexander 1767 64 

McDonell, Col. John, Jr 1759 32 

McDonell, Capt. Ronald 1759 33 

McDougall, Capt. George 1765 61 

McDougall, William 1771 76 

Mcllworth, Thomas 1757 22 

Mcintosh, Captain George 1757 22 

Mackay, Lieut. Francis 1757 22 

McKenzie, John, M.D. ) ( 1759 33 

. . Tr • t 1 »« t~. - same person - i 

McKenzie, John, M.D. 1 v \ 1769 69 

McKesson, John 1756 9 

McKie, John 1757 22 

McKirdy, Capt. Daniel 1760 37 

McLean, Capt. Alexander 1757 23 

McLean, Gen. Allan 1756 10 

McLean, Archibald, M.D 1771 76 

McLean, Donald, M.D 1764 57 , 

McLeod, Capt. Norman 1759 33 

McQueen, John 1756 11 

Maitland, Lieut-Col. the Hon. Alexander 1768 65 

Maitland, Col. the Hon. Richard 1764 57 

Malcom, Brig.-Gen. William 1763 54 

Marquis, Capt. Alexander 1769 70 

Martin, Capt. William 1760 37 

Mattheson, Lieut. Kenneth 1757 23 

Maxwell, William 1770 74 

Mercer, Robert 1759 33 

Middleton, Peter, M.D 1756 n 

Middleton, Robert 1763 54 

Miller, Capt. Thomas 1756 11 

Miller, William 1761 43 

Milligan, David 1757 23 

Milligan, John, M.D 1756 11 

Milne, Lieut. David 1759 34 

Mitchelson, Lieut. Walter 1762 49 

Moncrieff, Lieut. Patrick 1770 74 

Moore, Capt. Thomas William 1761 44 

Morison, Donald 1756 12 

Morris, Hon. Lewis 1758 28 

Morris, Hon. Richard 1756 12 

INDEX. . 89 


Munro, John 1757 24 

Munro, Capt. John 1764 5S 

Murray, Col. Alexander 1760 3S 

Murray, James, M.D 1756 13 

Napier, Sir James 1757 24 

Newton, Thomas 1 760 38 

Ogilvie, Rev. John, D.D 1769 70 

Ougston, Thomas 1759 34 

Pagan, Hon. William 1765 61 

Patterson, James 1763 54 

Phyn, James 1765 61 

Preston, Major Charles 1770 74 

Pringle, Lieut. Francis 1756 13 

Provoost, John 1761 44 

Ramsay, John 1759 34 

Ramsay, Lieut. William 1757 24 

Reid, Gen. John 1762 49 

Reid, Capt. John 1765 62 

Reid, William 1774 82 

Ritchie, Capt. William 1774 82 

Robertson, Gov. James 1757 25 

Robinson, Col. Beverly 1762 50 

Ross, Alexander, M.D 1772 78 

Ross, James 1766 62 

Ross, John 1756 13 

Russell, William 1757 25 

Rutherford, Hon. John 1756 13 

Rutherfurd, Major Walter 1756 14 

St. Clair, Sir John 1757 26 

Scot, Major-Gen. John, M.P 1768 66 

Scott, Charles 1765 62 

Scott, Capt. David 1770 75 

Scott, Hon. John Morin 1756 14 

Shaw, Capt. Daniel 1773 80 

Shaw, David 176 1 45 

Shaw, Capt. Neil 1761 45 

Simpson, Capt. John Joseph 1761 45 

Sinclair, Capt. Robert 1773 81 

Small, Major-Gen. John 1763 54 

Smibert, Capt. William 177° 75 

Sproat, David 1764 58 

Steuart, William, M.D 1769 7 r 

Stevenson, Capt. John 1764 58 

Stewart, Capt. Alexander 1773 81 

Stewart, Col. Charles 1769 71 

Stewart, Capt. James 1758 29 

90 INDEX. 


Stewart, John 1757 26 

Stewart, Capt. William 1766 62 

Story, James, M.D 1759 35 

Sutherland, Lieut.-Col. James (Lord Duffus) . ) (1768 67 

c a 1 j /1 t -same person..-, „' 

Sutherland, Capt. James i F ( 1774 82 

Sutherland, Lieut.-Col. Nicholas 1762 50 

Syme, Col. 1770 75 

Thomson, Adam, M.D 1756 14 

Tolmie, Capt. Normand 1760 38 

Traile, George 1756 14 

Troup, Capt. John, R.N 1756 15 

Turnbull, Capt. George 1757 26 

Vail, Capt. Christopher 1762 51 

Waddell, Capt. John 1756 15 

Waddell, Capt. Robert 1770 75 

Walker, Capt. John 1756 15 

Walker, Capt. John, Jr 1756 16 

Wallace, Hon. Hugh 1768 67 

Wardrop, James 1757 2f > 

Watts, Hon. John 1756 16 

Weir, Daniel 1757 27 

Wilson, George 1763 55 

Wilson, Capt. John 1761 45 

Witherspoon, John, D.D 1771 76 

Wood, Thomas, M.D 1756 16 

Young, Col. John 1760 38 

Younge, William, M.D 1757 27 

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